Community acquired respiratory viral infections after lung transplantation: clinical features and long-term consequences.Semin Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2004 Winter; 16(4):342-9.ST
Community acquired respiratory viruses (CARVs) are increasingly recognized as serious threats to lung transplant recipients. While CARVs such as respiratory syncytial virus, parainfluenza, influenza, and adenovirus usually cause self-limited illnesses in immunocompetent subjects, infections in the transplant recipient can be dramatic. As transplant recipients live longer and diagnostic methods improve, the burden of CARVs will undoubtedly increase. Because of limited therapeutic options, some patients may succumb to CARV infections, while many survivors develop chronic allograft dysfunction. Recognition of this latter phenomenon has implicated CARVs in the pathogenesis of bronchiolitis obliterans.