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Food and nutrient intakes of a population sample of 7-year-old children in the south-west of England in 1999/2000 - what difference does gender make?
J Hum Nutr Diet. 2005 Feb; 18(1):7-19; quiz 21-3.JH

Abstract

OBJECTIVES

To describe the diet of schoolchildren aged 7 years, and identify gender differences in food and nutrient intakes.

SUBJECTS

A cohort of children resident in the south-west of England in 1999/2000.

METHODS

Diet was assessed using three 1-day unweighed food diaries. Nutrient intakes were compared with dietary reference values for this age group, and with children aged 7-10 years in the British National Diet and Nutrition Survey. Food and nutrient intakes were contrasted between boys and girls.

RESULTS

Median nutrient intakes exceeded the reference nutrient intake (RNI) for most nutrients. Median intakes of iron and zinc were below the RNI. Median sodium intake was greater than the maximum set by the Scientific Advisory Committee on Nutrition. The mean energy intake for boys and girls, respectively, were 7.3 and 6.8 MJ, this is below the estimated average requirement. The percentage of energy from fat was 35.3% for boys and 36.1% for girls. Boys had higher iron intakes than girls, even after adjustment for energy intake. There were differences in the types of foods eaten between boys and girls; girls ate more fruit and vegetables (P = 0.001) and boys ate more breakfast cereals (P = 0.016).

CONCLUSIONS

The dietary intakes of these 7-year-old children were adequate for most nutrients. However, a reduction in the sodium content of the diet would be advantageous. Fruit and vegetable consumption should be encouraged particularly among boys.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Unit of Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology, Division of Community-based Medicine, University of Bristol, Bristol, UK. louise.glynn@bris.ac.ukNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

15647094

Citation

Glynn, L, et al. "Food and Nutrient Intakes of a Population Sample of 7-year-old Children in the South-west of England in 1999/2000 - what Difference Does Gender Make?" Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics : the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association, vol. 18, no. 1, 2005, pp. 7-19; quiz 21-3.
Glynn L, Emmett P, Rogers I, et al. Food and nutrient intakes of a population sample of 7-year-old children in the south-west of England in 1999/2000 - what difference does gender make? J Hum Nutr Diet. 2005;18(1):7-19; quiz 21-3.
Glynn, L., Emmett, P., & Rogers, I. (2005). Food and nutrient intakes of a population sample of 7-year-old children in the south-west of England in 1999/2000 - what difference does gender make? Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics : the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association, 18(1), 7-19; quiz 21-3.
Glynn L, et al. Food and Nutrient Intakes of a Population Sample of 7-year-old Children in the South-west of England in 1999/2000 - what Difference Does Gender Make. J Hum Nutr Diet. 2005;18(1):7-19; quiz 21-3. PubMed PMID: 15647094.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Food and nutrient intakes of a population sample of 7-year-old children in the south-west of England in 1999/2000 - what difference does gender make? AU - Glynn,L, AU - Emmett,P, AU - Rogers,I, AU - ,, PY - 2005/1/14/pubmed PY - 2005/4/22/medline PY - 2005/1/14/entrez SP - 7-19; quiz 21-3 JF - Journal of human nutrition and dietetics : the official journal of the British Dietetic Association JO - J Hum Nutr Diet VL - 18 IS - 1 N2 - OBJECTIVES: To describe the diet of schoolchildren aged 7 years, and identify gender differences in food and nutrient intakes. SUBJECTS: A cohort of children resident in the south-west of England in 1999/2000. METHODS: Diet was assessed using three 1-day unweighed food diaries. Nutrient intakes were compared with dietary reference values for this age group, and with children aged 7-10 years in the British National Diet and Nutrition Survey. Food and nutrient intakes were contrasted between boys and girls. RESULTS: Median nutrient intakes exceeded the reference nutrient intake (RNI) for most nutrients. Median intakes of iron and zinc were below the RNI. Median sodium intake was greater than the maximum set by the Scientific Advisory Committee on Nutrition. The mean energy intake for boys and girls, respectively, were 7.3 and 6.8 MJ, this is below the estimated average requirement. The percentage of energy from fat was 35.3% for boys and 36.1% for girls. Boys had higher iron intakes than girls, even after adjustment for energy intake. There were differences in the types of foods eaten between boys and girls; girls ate more fruit and vegetables (P = 0.001) and boys ate more breakfast cereals (P = 0.016). CONCLUSIONS: The dietary intakes of these 7-year-old children were adequate for most nutrients. However, a reduction in the sodium content of the diet would be advantageous. Fruit and vegetable consumption should be encouraged particularly among boys. SN - 0952-3871 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/15647094/Food_and_nutrient_intakes_of_a_population_sample_of_7_year_old_children_in_the_south_west_of_England_in_1999/2000___what_difference_does_gender_make L2 - https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-277X.2004.00582.x DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -