Flow cytometric immunophenotyping analysis of patterns of antigen expression in non-Hodgkin's B cell lymphoma in samples obtained from different anatomic sites.Ann N Y Acad Sci. 2004 Dec; 1028:457-62.AN
Multiparametric clinical flow cytometry has evolved from two-parameter quantitative assessment of lymphocytes to assessment of many qualitative parameters of suspensions obtained from bone marrow, peripheral blood, and lymph nodes for hematopathology. Nowadays, lymphoma immunophenotyping is a necessary complement to morphology and molecular parameters in the diagnosis and monitoring of human hematopoietic malignancies. The aim of the present study was to determine whether immunophenotypic differences could be used to distinguish between non-Hodgkin's B cell lymphoma (NHL-B) and the normal B cell subpopulation by assessing the variability in the patterns of expression of some lymphoid antigens (CD5, CD19, FMC7, CD23, CD20, CD79b, CD38, CD22, CD10, sIgkappa, sIglambda, mIgA, mIgG, mIgM, and mIgD) in specimens obtained from patients with NHL-B. We have studied peripheral blood samples, lymph node suspensions, and bone marrow specimens from 20 patients with malignant lymphoma and from controls without oncohematologic disease. Some patients showed stable patterns of antigen expression that remained unchanged over time and were consistent from one specimen to another. Other patients showed more variability in the pattern of antigen expression from different specimens. The two-way cluster analysis of antigens revealed three patterns of expression: (1) most cells in most cases positive (CD5, CD19, CD20, CD23, CD45); (2) most cells in most cases negative (CD10, mIgG, CD22, CD23,CD38); and (3) a mixed pattern with a variable number of positive cases and a variable percentage of positive cells in individual cases (CD22, CD38, CD79b, FMC7, mIgD, mIgM, mIgA, mIgG, sIgkappa, sIglambda). The expression of several antigens was strongly interdependent, even when antigens belonged to entirely different gene families. Such antigen pairs were CD19/CD45; CD19/CD79b; CD23/Igkappa; and CD45/CD79b. Our results suggest that different factors may determine the stability or the variability of such multiantigen expression, particularly the biology and function of the different antigens and the mechanisms of disease dissemination and progression.