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Gender differences in the association of age with physical workload and functioning.
Occup Environ Med. 2005 Feb; 62(2):95-100.OE

Abstract

AIMS

To test whether (1) physically demanding work is less frequent for older than younger employees, and whether (2) the association of physically demanding work with decline of physical functioning is stronger for older employees than their younger counterparts. The gender differences in these associations were examined.

METHODS

Subjects of the study were 40-60 year old employees of the City of Helsinki. Data (n = 5802) were collected with mail questionnaires in 2000 and 2001. Functioning was measured with the Role Limitations due to Physical Health Problems scale of the SF36 health questionnaire. Logistic regression models were used to analyse the data.

RESULTS

There was a linear trend of less physically demanding work in older than in younger age groups. This trend was more marked for men than women. Age and physically demanding work were associated with poor functioning. In women the association of physically demanding work with poor functioning tended to be stronger for older than for younger age groups, while the opposite was observed in men.

CONCLUSIONS

Results suggest that physically demanding work causes more ailments in women of high age than men. It is possible that less men than women are still employed in physically demanding occupations at high age, even though direct evidence of exit from physically demanding work cannot be obtained from cross-sectional data. In these data the physically demanding occupations for men and women were largely different. High physical workload among women working in social and health care is likely to contribute to the gender differences.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Public Health, PO Box 41, 00014 University of Helsinki, Finland. akseli.aittomaki@helsinki.fiNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

15657190

Citation

Aittomäki, A, et al. "Gender Differences in the Association of Age With Physical Workload and Functioning." Occupational and Environmental Medicine, vol. 62, no. 2, 2005, pp. 95-100.
Aittomäki A, Lahelma E, Roos E, et al. Gender differences in the association of age with physical workload and functioning. Occup Environ Med. 2005;62(2):95-100.
Aittomäki, A., Lahelma, E., Roos, E., Leino-Arjas, P., & Martikainen, P. (2005). Gender differences in the association of age with physical workload and functioning. Occupational and Environmental Medicine, 62(2), 95-100.
Aittomäki A, et al. Gender Differences in the Association of Age With Physical Workload and Functioning. Occup Environ Med. 2005;62(2):95-100. PubMed PMID: 15657190.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Gender differences in the association of age with physical workload and functioning. AU - Aittomäki,A, AU - Lahelma,E, AU - Roos,E, AU - Leino-Arjas,P, AU - Martikainen,P, PY - 2005/1/20/pubmed PY - 2005/2/3/medline PY - 2005/1/20/entrez SP - 95 EP - 100 JF - Occupational and environmental medicine JO - Occup Environ Med VL - 62 IS - 2 N2 - AIMS: To test whether (1) physically demanding work is less frequent for older than younger employees, and whether (2) the association of physically demanding work with decline of physical functioning is stronger for older employees than their younger counterparts. The gender differences in these associations were examined. METHODS: Subjects of the study were 40-60 year old employees of the City of Helsinki. Data (n = 5802) were collected with mail questionnaires in 2000 and 2001. Functioning was measured with the Role Limitations due to Physical Health Problems scale of the SF36 health questionnaire. Logistic regression models were used to analyse the data. RESULTS: There was a linear trend of less physically demanding work in older than in younger age groups. This trend was more marked for men than women. Age and physically demanding work were associated with poor functioning. In women the association of physically demanding work with poor functioning tended to be stronger for older than for younger age groups, while the opposite was observed in men. CONCLUSIONS: Results suggest that physically demanding work causes more ailments in women of high age than men. It is possible that less men than women are still employed in physically demanding occupations at high age, even though direct evidence of exit from physically demanding work cannot be obtained from cross-sectional data. In these data the physically demanding occupations for men and women were largely different. High physical workload among women working in social and health care is likely to contribute to the gender differences. SN - 1470-7926 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/15657190/Gender_differences_in_the_association_of_age_with_physical_workload_and_functioning_ L2 - https://oem.bmj.com/lookup/pmidlookup?view=long&pmid=15657190 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -