Rates and outcomes of planned pregnancy after use of Norplant capsules, Norplant II rods, or levonorgestrel-releasing or copper TCu 380Ag intrauterine contraceptive devices.Am J Obstet Gynecol. 1992 Apr; 166(4):1208-13.AJ
The objectives were to measure rates of planned pregnancy and factors affecting these rates after use of very-long-acting contraceptive methods (Norplant or Norplant II implants, a levonorgestrel-releasing intrauterine contraceptive device, or the copper T (model TCu 380Ag) intrauterine contraceptive device.
The design was a concurrent, multicenter prospective study of 372 women who stopped contraception for planned pregnancy. Analysis was by life-table, log-rank, and standard chi 2 methods.
Pregnancy rates 12 and 24 months after cessation of contraceptive use were 82 and 89 per 100, respectively. Age at removal and family planning intentions at initiation of contraception were both significantly correlated with pregnancy rates (p less than 0.05), but former contraceptive regimen and duration of contraceptive use were not. Pregnancy outcomes did not deviate from normal limits and did not differ by contraceptive formerly used.
Contraceptive implants releasing 30 micrograms/day of levonorgestrel or intrauterine contraceptive devices releasing 20 micrograms/day of levonorgestrel or having copper surface areas of 380 mm2 are associated with normal fertility after use for women seeking pregnancy at termination. Durations of use do not affect pregnancy rates.