Tags

Type your tag names separated by a space and hit enter

Acute toxicity and genotoxicity of five selected anionic and nonionic surfactants.
Chemosphere. 2005 Mar; 58(9):1249-53.C

Abstract

The results of four toxicity bioassays of selected anionic and nonionic surface active agents were presented. Three widely used anionic surfactants that belong to alkyl sulphates (AS), alkylbenzene sulphonates (LAS) and alkylpolyoxyethylene sulphates (AES) as well as nonionic surfactants: polyoxyethylene alkyl ethers (AE) and polyoxylethylene alkylphenyl ethers (APE) were tested. Three different toxicity assays to aquatic organisms: Physa acuta Draparnaud, Artemia salina and Raphidocelis subcapitata were applied. Additionally, the genotoxicity test with Bacillus subtilis M45 Rec- and H17 Rec+ strains was performed. The obtained results showed that none of the surfactants studied was genotoxic at the concentration 1000 mg l(-1). On the basis of toxicity tests to aquatic organisms all tested anionic surfactants were harmful (LC50 between 10 and 100 mg l(-1)), whereas nonionic ones were toxic (LC50 between 1 and 10 mg l(-1)) or even highly toxic (LC50 below 1 mg l(-1)). Moreover, the bigger was the molecular weight of the tested compound, the higher toxicity was observed.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Environmental Engineering, Technical University of Lodz, Al. Politechniki 6, 90-924 Lodz, Poland. ewaliwar@p.lodz.plNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Comparative Study
Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

15667844

Citation

Liwarska-Bizukojc, Ewa, et al. "Acute Toxicity and Genotoxicity of Five Selected Anionic and Nonionic Surfactants." Chemosphere, vol. 58, no. 9, 2005, pp. 1249-53.
Liwarska-Bizukojc E, Miksch K, Malachowska-Jutsz A, et al. Acute toxicity and genotoxicity of five selected anionic and nonionic surfactants. Chemosphere. 2005;58(9):1249-53.
Liwarska-Bizukojc, E., Miksch, K., Malachowska-Jutsz, A., & Kalka, J. (2005). Acute toxicity and genotoxicity of five selected anionic and nonionic surfactants. Chemosphere, 58(9), 1249-53.
Liwarska-Bizukojc E, et al. Acute Toxicity and Genotoxicity of Five Selected Anionic and Nonionic Surfactants. Chemosphere. 2005;58(9):1249-53. PubMed PMID: 15667844.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Acute toxicity and genotoxicity of five selected anionic and nonionic surfactants. AU - Liwarska-Bizukojc,Ewa, AU - Miksch,Korneliusz, AU - Malachowska-Jutsz,Anna, AU - Kalka,Joanna, PY - 2003/12/22/received PY - 2004/10/13/revised PY - 2004/10/15/accepted PY - 2005/1/26/pubmed PY - 2005/9/2/medline PY - 2005/1/26/entrez SP - 1249 EP - 53 JF - Chemosphere JO - Chemosphere VL - 58 IS - 9 N2 - The results of four toxicity bioassays of selected anionic and nonionic surface active agents were presented. Three widely used anionic surfactants that belong to alkyl sulphates (AS), alkylbenzene sulphonates (LAS) and alkylpolyoxyethylene sulphates (AES) as well as nonionic surfactants: polyoxyethylene alkyl ethers (AE) and polyoxylethylene alkylphenyl ethers (APE) were tested. Three different toxicity assays to aquatic organisms: Physa acuta Draparnaud, Artemia salina and Raphidocelis subcapitata were applied. Additionally, the genotoxicity test with Bacillus subtilis M45 Rec- and H17 Rec+ strains was performed. The obtained results showed that none of the surfactants studied was genotoxic at the concentration 1000 mg l(-1). On the basis of toxicity tests to aquatic organisms all tested anionic surfactants were harmful (LC50 between 10 and 100 mg l(-1)), whereas nonionic ones were toxic (LC50 between 1 and 10 mg l(-1)) or even highly toxic (LC50 below 1 mg l(-1)). Moreover, the bigger was the molecular weight of the tested compound, the higher toxicity was observed. SN - 0045-6535 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/15667844/Acute_toxicity_and_genotoxicity_of_five_selected_anionic_and_nonionic_surfactants_ DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -