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Dietary fiber intake by American preschoolers is associated with more nutrient-dense diets.
J Am Diet Assoc. 2005 Feb; 105(2):221-5.JA

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

To illustrate and discuss implications of the new Diet Reference Intakes for fiber, relative to a nationally representative sample of American preschoolers.

DESIGN

Cross-sectional study using the Continuing Survey of Food Intake by Individuals 1994-1996, 1998.

SUBJECTS

Children 2 through 5 years of age who provided 2 days of dietary intake data (N=5,437) were grouped and 2- and 3-year-olds (n=2,805) were compared with 4- and 5-year-olds.

STATISTICAL ANALYSIS

Descriptive analysis (mean+/-standard error) was used to describe the sample and to rank children into quartiles of dietary fiber intake. Nonparametric test for trend was employed to examine significance level of observed changes in nutrient and food group consumption by increasing fiber intake quartiles.

RESULTS

Main contributors to dietary fiber intakes were low-fiber fruits and legumes. Children in the high-fiber quartile consumed diets with higher nutrient and fiber density and increased number of servings of Food Guide Pyramid food groups. Many children in this population did not meet intake recommendations of "age plus five," and most lacked the 14 g/1,000 kcal of energy consumed, even after considering a hypothetical estimated average of 5 g/day functional fiber.

CONCLUSIONS

Children would benefit from diets higher in fiber. Newly recommended intake levels are only met by a few and further studies need to be conducted to provide evidence for a recommended intake level of fiber in children. Average consumption of functional fiber in children has to be examined.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Nutritional Sciences, Pennsylvania State University, 5G Henderson Bldg, University Park, PA 16802, USA. sxk72@psu.edu <sxk72@psu.edu>No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Comparative Study
Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

15668678

Citation

Kranz, Sibylle, et al. "Dietary Fiber Intake By American Preschoolers Is Associated With More Nutrient-dense Diets." Journal of the American Dietetic Association, vol. 105, no. 2, 2005, pp. 221-5.
Kranz S, Mitchell DC, Siega-Riz AM, et al. Dietary fiber intake by American preschoolers is associated with more nutrient-dense diets. J Am Diet Assoc. 2005;105(2):221-5.
Kranz, S., Mitchell, D. C., Siega-Riz, A. M., & Smiciklas-Wright, H. (2005). Dietary fiber intake by American preschoolers is associated with more nutrient-dense diets. Journal of the American Dietetic Association, 105(2), 221-5.
Kranz S, et al. Dietary Fiber Intake By American Preschoolers Is Associated With More Nutrient-dense Diets. J Am Diet Assoc. 2005;105(2):221-5. PubMed PMID: 15668678.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Dietary fiber intake by American preschoolers is associated with more nutrient-dense diets. AU - Kranz,Sibylle, AU - Mitchell,Diane C, AU - Siega-Riz,Anna Maria, AU - Smiciklas-Wright,Helen, PY - 2005/1/26/pubmed PY - 2005/3/9/medline PY - 2005/1/26/entrez SP - 221 EP - 5 JF - Journal of the American Dietetic Association JO - J Am Diet Assoc VL - 105 IS - 2 N2 - OBJECTIVE: To illustrate and discuss implications of the new Diet Reference Intakes for fiber, relative to a nationally representative sample of American preschoolers. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study using the Continuing Survey of Food Intake by Individuals 1994-1996, 1998. SUBJECTS: Children 2 through 5 years of age who provided 2 days of dietary intake data (N=5,437) were grouped and 2- and 3-year-olds (n=2,805) were compared with 4- and 5-year-olds. STATISTICAL ANALYSIS: Descriptive analysis (mean+/-standard error) was used to describe the sample and to rank children into quartiles of dietary fiber intake. Nonparametric test for trend was employed to examine significance level of observed changes in nutrient and food group consumption by increasing fiber intake quartiles. RESULTS: Main contributors to dietary fiber intakes were low-fiber fruits and legumes. Children in the high-fiber quartile consumed diets with higher nutrient and fiber density and increased number of servings of Food Guide Pyramid food groups. Many children in this population did not meet intake recommendations of "age plus five," and most lacked the 14 g/1,000 kcal of energy consumed, even after considering a hypothetical estimated average of 5 g/day functional fiber. CONCLUSIONS: Children would benefit from diets higher in fiber. Newly recommended intake levels are only met by a few and further studies need to be conducted to provide evidence for a recommended intake level of fiber in children. Average consumption of functional fiber in children has to be examined. SN - 0002-8223 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/15668678/Dietary_fiber_intake_by_American_preschoolers_is_associated_with_more_nutrient_dense_diets_ DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -