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Diet quality in young children is influenced by beverage consumption.
J Am Coll Nutr. 2005 Feb; 24(1):65-75.JA

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Replacement of milk with sugar-containing beverages could affect calcium intake and overall diet quality.

OBJECTIVE

To describe dairy food, 100% juice and added sugar beverage intakes, contributions of dairy foods to diet quality, and effects of beverages on diet quality in young children.

METHODS

We surveyed participants in the Iowa Fluoride Study (n = 645) at ages 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5 years and calculated intakes for 1-5 years (i.e. weighted averages). Nutrient, dairy food and beverage intakes were obtained from 3-day diaries; nutrient adequacy ratios were calculated as the nutrient intake to Recommended Dietary Allowance/Adequate Intake ratio; and dairy-dependent percentages were calculated as fractions of total diet nutrient adequacy ratios (truncated at 1) not met by non-dairy foods.

RESULTS

Milk intakes were inversely associated with intakes of juice drinks (2, 4, 5 and 1-5 years), soda pop (2, 3, 4, 5 and 1-5 years) and added sugar beverages (2, 3, 4, 5 and 1-5 years). Dairy dependent fractions of 1-5 year nutrient adequacy ratios were 68% for calcium and 61% for vitamin D. Higher 1-5 year calcium adequacy was predicted by higher energy, higher other dairy and lower added sugar beverage intakes while higher vitamin D adequacy was predicted by higher energy and higher other dairy intakes. Overall diet quality was predicted by higher energy, higher other dairy, lower 100% juice and lower added sugar beverage intakes.

CONCLUSIONS

Dairy foods remain an important source of calcium and vitamin D, while added sugar beverages and, to a lesser extent, 100% juice decrease diet quality of young children.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Preventive and Community Dentistry, University of Iowa College of Dentistry, N335 Dental Science Building, Iowa City, IA 52242, USA. teresa-marshall@uiowa.eduNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

Language

eng

PubMed ID

15670987

Citation

Marshall, Teresa A., et al. "Diet Quality in Young Children Is Influenced By Beverage Consumption." Journal of the American College of Nutrition, vol. 24, no. 1, 2005, pp. 65-75.
Marshall TA, Eichenberger Gilmore JM, Broffitt B, et al. Diet quality in young children is influenced by beverage consumption. J Am Coll Nutr. 2005;24(1):65-75.
Marshall, T. A., Eichenberger Gilmore, J. M., Broffitt, B., Stumbo, P. J., & Levy, S. M. (2005). Diet quality in young children is influenced by beverage consumption. Journal of the American College of Nutrition, 24(1), 65-75.
Marshall TA, et al. Diet Quality in Young Children Is Influenced By Beverage Consumption. J Am Coll Nutr. 2005;24(1):65-75. PubMed PMID: 15670987.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Diet quality in young children is influenced by beverage consumption. AU - Marshall,Teresa A, AU - Eichenberger Gilmore,Julie M, AU - Broffitt,Barbara, AU - Stumbo,Phyllis J, AU - Levy,Steven M, PY - 2005/1/27/pubmed PY - 2005/5/6/medline PY - 2005/1/27/entrez SP - 65 EP - 75 JF - Journal of the American College of Nutrition JO - J Am Coll Nutr VL - 24 IS - 1 N2 - BACKGROUND: Replacement of milk with sugar-containing beverages could affect calcium intake and overall diet quality. OBJECTIVE: To describe dairy food, 100% juice and added sugar beverage intakes, contributions of dairy foods to diet quality, and effects of beverages on diet quality in young children. METHODS: We surveyed participants in the Iowa Fluoride Study (n = 645) at ages 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5 years and calculated intakes for 1-5 years (i.e. weighted averages). Nutrient, dairy food and beverage intakes were obtained from 3-day diaries; nutrient adequacy ratios were calculated as the nutrient intake to Recommended Dietary Allowance/Adequate Intake ratio; and dairy-dependent percentages were calculated as fractions of total diet nutrient adequacy ratios (truncated at 1) not met by non-dairy foods. RESULTS: Milk intakes were inversely associated with intakes of juice drinks (2, 4, 5 and 1-5 years), soda pop (2, 3, 4, 5 and 1-5 years) and added sugar beverages (2, 3, 4, 5 and 1-5 years). Dairy dependent fractions of 1-5 year nutrient adequacy ratios were 68% for calcium and 61% for vitamin D. Higher 1-5 year calcium adequacy was predicted by higher energy, higher other dairy and lower added sugar beverage intakes while higher vitamin D adequacy was predicted by higher energy and higher other dairy intakes. Overall diet quality was predicted by higher energy, higher other dairy, lower 100% juice and lower added sugar beverage intakes. CONCLUSIONS: Dairy foods remain an important source of calcium and vitamin D, while added sugar beverages and, to a lesser extent, 100% juice decrease diet quality of young children. SN - 0731-5724 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/15670987/Diet_quality_in_young_children_is_influenced_by_beverage_consumption_ L2 - https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/07315724.2005.10719445 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -