AM404, an inhibitor of anandamide reuptake decreases Fos-immunoreactivity in the spinal cord of neuropathic rats after non-noxious stimulation.Eur J Pharmacol. 2005 Jan 31; 508(1-3):139-46.EJ
Cannabinoids like anandamide are involved in pain transmission. In this study we evaluated the effects of administrating N-(4-hydroxyphenyl)-5Z,8Z,11Z,14Z-eicosatetraenamide (AM404), an inhibitor of anandamide reuptake and monitoring the expression of c-fos, a marker of activated neurons in an experimental model of neuropathic pain (sciatic nerve tying). Fos expression was monitored 14 days after tying of sciatic nerve and 2 h after non-noxious stimulation. We showed that non-noxious stimulation increased Fos-positivity in the dorsal superficial laminae of the lumbar spinal cord of tied animals but not in the control animals. AM404 significantly reduced Fos induction in tied animals. Co-administration of cannabinoid CB1 receptor, cannabinoid CB2 receptor and transient receptor potential vanilloid type 1 (TRPV-1) antagonists reduced the effect of AM404 and this reduction was higher using cannabinoid CB1 receptor antagonist. These results suggest that AM404 could be a useful drug to reduce neuropathic pain and that cannabinoid CB1 receptor, cannabinoid CB2 receptor and vanilloid TRPV-1 receptor are involved.