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Signs and symptoms of urethritis and cervicitis among women with or without Mycoplasma genitalium or Chlamydia trachomatis infection.
Sex Transm Infect. 2005 Feb; 81(1):73-8.ST

Abstract

OBJECTIVES

To study the prevalence, symptoms, and signs of Mycoplasma genitalium and Chlamydia trachomatis infections in women attending a Swedish STD clinic, accessible for both sexes, and in a group of young women called in the cervical cancer screening programme.

METHODS

A cross sectional study among female STD clinic attendees in Orebro and a study among women called for Papanicolaou smear screening. Attendees were examined for urethritis and cervicitis. First void urine and endocervical samples were tested for M genitalium and C trachomatis.

RESULTS

The prevalence of C trachomatis and M genitalium in the STD clinic population was 10% (45/465) and 6% (26/461), respectively. Dual infection was diagnosed in four women. In the cancer screening group of women the corresponding prevalence was 2% (1/59) and 0%, respectively. Among the STD clinic attendees there were no significant differences in symptoms (32% v 23%, RR 1.4, 95% CI 0.6 to 3.4) or signs (71% v 50%, RR 1.4, 95% CI 0.9 to 2.3) between C trachomatis and M genitalium infections. Microscopic signs of cervicitis were significantly more common among M genitalium and C trachomatis infected women than in the cancer screening group of women. 56% (15/27) of male partners of M genitalium infected women were infected with M genitalium compared to 59% of male partners of C trachomatis infected women who were infected with C trachomatis (p = 0.80).

CONCLUSIONS

M genitalium is a common infection associated with cervicitis and with a high prevalence of infected sexual partners supporting its role as a cause of sexually transmitted infection.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Dermatology and Venereology, University Hospital, Orebro, SE -701 85 Orebro, Sweden. lars.falk@orebroll.seNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Comparative Study
Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

15681728

Citation

Falk, L, et al. "Signs and Symptoms of Urethritis and Cervicitis Among Women With or Without Mycoplasma Genitalium or Chlamydia Trachomatis Infection." Sexually Transmitted Infections, vol. 81, no. 1, 2005, pp. 73-8.
Falk L, Fredlund H, Jensen JS. Signs and symptoms of urethritis and cervicitis among women with or without Mycoplasma genitalium or Chlamydia trachomatis infection. Sex Transm Infect. 2005;81(1):73-8.
Falk, L., Fredlund, H., & Jensen, J. S. (2005). Signs and symptoms of urethritis and cervicitis among women with or without Mycoplasma genitalium or Chlamydia trachomatis infection. Sexually Transmitted Infections, 81(1), 73-8.
Falk L, Fredlund H, Jensen JS. Signs and Symptoms of Urethritis and Cervicitis Among Women With or Without Mycoplasma Genitalium or Chlamydia Trachomatis Infection. Sex Transm Infect. 2005;81(1):73-8. PubMed PMID: 15681728.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Signs and symptoms of urethritis and cervicitis among women with or without Mycoplasma genitalium or Chlamydia trachomatis infection. AU - Falk,L, AU - Fredlund,H, AU - Jensen,J S, PY - 2005/2/1/pubmed PY - 2005/2/23/medline PY - 2005/2/1/entrez SP - 73 EP - 8 JF - Sexually transmitted infections JO - Sex Transm Infect VL - 81 IS - 1 N2 - OBJECTIVES: To study the prevalence, symptoms, and signs of Mycoplasma genitalium and Chlamydia trachomatis infections in women attending a Swedish STD clinic, accessible for both sexes, and in a group of young women called in the cervical cancer screening programme. METHODS: A cross sectional study among female STD clinic attendees in Orebro and a study among women called for Papanicolaou smear screening. Attendees were examined for urethritis and cervicitis. First void urine and endocervical samples were tested for M genitalium and C trachomatis. RESULTS: The prevalence of C trachomatis and M genitalium in the STD clinic population was 10% (45/465) and 6% (26/461), respectively. Dual infection was diagnosed in four women. In the cancer screening group of women the corresponding prevalence was 2% (1/59) and 0%, respectively. Among the STD clinic attendees there were no significant differences in symptoms (32% v 23%, RR 1.4, 95% CI 0.6 to 3.4) or signs (71% v 50%, RR 1.4, 95% CI 0.9 to 2.3) between C trachomatis and M genitalium infections. Microscopic signs of cervicitis were significantly more common among M genitalium and C trachomatis infected women than in the cancer screening group of women. 56% (15/27) of male partners of M genitalium infected women were infected with M genitalium compared to 59% of male partners of C trachomatis infected women who were infected with C trachomatis (p = 0.80). CONCLUSIONS: M genitalium is a common infection associated with cervicitis and with a high prevalence of infected sexual partners supporting its role as a cause of sexually transmitted infection. SN - 1368-4973 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/15681728/Signs_and_symptoms_of_urethritis_and_cervicitis_among_women_with_or_without_Mycoplasma_genitalium_or_Chlamydia_trachomatis_infection_ L2 - https://sti.bmj.com/lookup/pmidlookup?view=long&pmid=15681728 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -