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Overweight among low-income preschool children associated with the consumption of sweet drinks: Missouri, 1999-2002.
Pediatrics. 2005 Feb; 115(2):e223-9.Ped

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

To examine the association between sweet drink consumption and overweight among preschool children.

METHODS

A retrospective cohort design was used to examine the association between sweet drink consumption and overweight at follow-up among 10904 children who were aged 2 and 3 years and had height, weight, and Harvard Service Food Frequency Questionnaire data collected between January 1999 and December 2001 and height and weight data collected 1 year later. Sweet drinks included vitamin C-containing juices, other juices, fruit drinks, and sodas as listed on the Harvard Service Food Frequency Questionnaire. Logistic regression was used to adjust for age; gender; race/ethnicity; birth weight; and intake of high-fat foods, sweet foods, and total calories. Results were stratified by baseline BMI.

RESULTS

Among children who were normal or underweight at baseline (BMI <85th percentile), the association between sweet drink consumption and development of overweight was positive but not statistically significant. Children who were at risk for overweight at baseline (BMI 85th-<95th percentile) and consumed 1 to <2 drinks/day, 2 to <3 drinks/day, and > or =3 drinks/day were, respectively, 2.0 (95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.3-3.2), 2.0 (95% CI: 1.2-3.2), and 1.8 (95% CI: 1.1-2.8) times as likely to become overweight as the referent (<1 drink/day). Children who were overweight at baseline (BMI > or =95th percentile) and consumed 1 to <2 drinks/day, 2 to <3 drinks/day, and > or =3 drinks/day were, respectively, 2.1, 2.2, and 1.8 times as likely to remain overweight as the referent.

CONCLUSIONS

Reducing sweet drink consumption might be 1 strategy to manage the weight of preschool children. Additional studies are needed to understand the mechanism by which such consumption contributes to overweight.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Division of Nutrition and Physical Activity, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Mailstop K-25, 4770 Buford Hwy NE, Atlanta, Georgia 30341-3717, USA. jwelsh1@cdc.govNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

15687430

Citation

Welsh, Jean A., et al. "Overweight Among Low-income Preschool Children Associated With the Consumption of Sweet Drinks: Missouri, 1999-2002." Pediatrics, vol. 115, no. 2, 2005, pp. e223-9.
Welsh JA, Cogswell ME, Rogers S, et al. Overweight among low-income preschool children associated with the consumption of sweet drinks: Missouri, 1999-2002. Pediatrics. 2005;115(2):e223-9.
Welsh, J. A., Cogswell, M. E., Rogers, S., Rockett, H., Mei, Z., & Grummer-Strawn, L. M. (2005). Overweight among low-income preschool children associated with the consumption of sweet drinks: Missouri, 1999-2002. Pediatrics, 115(2), e223-9.
Welsh JA, et al. Overweight Among Low-income Preschool Children Associated With the Consumption of Sweet Drinks: Missouri, 1999-2002. Pediatrics. 2005;115(2):e223-9. PubMed PMID: 15687430.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Overweight among low-income preschool children associated with the consumption of sweet drinks: Missouri, 1999-2002. AU - Welsh,Jean A, AU - Cogswell,Mary E, AU - Rogers,Sharmini, AU - Rockett,Helaine, AU - Mei,Zuguo, AU - Grummer-Strawn,Laurence M, PY - 2005/2/3/pubmed PY - 2005/5/6/medline PY - 2005/2/3/entrez SP - e223 EP - 9 JF - Pediatrics JO - Pediatrics VL - 115 IS - 2 N2 - OBJECTIVE: To examine the association between sweet drink consumption and overweight among preschool children. METHODS: A retrospective cohort design was used to examine the association between sweet drink consumption and overweight at follow-up among 10904 children who were aged 2 and 3 years and had height, weight, and Harvard Service Food Frequency Questionnaire data collected between January 1999 and December 2001 and height and weight data collected 1 year later. Sweet drinks included vitamin C-containing juices, other juices, fruit drinks, and sodas as listed on the Harvard Service Food Frequency Questionnaire. Logistic regression was used to adjust for age; gender; race/ethnicity; birth weight; and intake of high-fat foods, sweet foods, and total calories. Results were stratified by baseline BMI. RESULTS: Among children who were normal or underweight at baseline (BMI <85th percentile), the association between sweet drink consumption and development of overweight was positive but not statistically significant. Children who were at risk for overweight at baseline (BMI 85th-<95th percentile) and consumed 1 to <2 drinks/day, 2 to <3 drinks/day, and > or =3 drinks/day were, respectively, 2.0 (95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.3-3.2), 2.0 (95% CI: 1.2-3.2), and 1.8 (95% CI: 1.1-2.8) times as likely to become overweight as the referent (<1 drink/day). Children who were overweight at baseline (BMI > or =95th percentile) and consumed 1 to <2 drinks/day, 2 to <3 drinks/day, and > or =3 drinks/day were, respectively, 2.1, 2.2, and 1.8 times as likely to remain overweight as the referent. CONCLUSIONS: Reducing sweet drink consumption might be 1 strategy to manage the weight of preschool children. Additional studies are needed to understand the mechanism by which such consumption contributes to overweight. SN - 1098-4275 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/15687430/Overweight_among_low_income_preschool_children_associated_with_the_consumption_of_sweet_drinks:_Missouri_1999_2002_ DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -