Tags

Type your tag names separated by a space and hit enter

Gender differences among children with DSM-IV ADHD in Australia.
J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry. 2005 Feb; 44(2):159-68.JA

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

To examine gender differences among children meeting symptom criteria for DSM-IV attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) identified in a nationally representative sample of Australian children.

METHOD

From 2,404 children aged 6 to 13 years, 225 boys and 99 girls with ADHD symptoms were identified using the parent version of the Diagnostic Interview Schedule for Children and compared on parent reports of children's behavioral problems and impairment.

RESULTS

When ADHD types were collapsed into a single group, boys and girls did not differ on core symptoms, comorbidity, and impairment with the exception that girls rated higher on somatic complaints and boys had poorer school functioning. However, gender patterns were found to vary across ADHD type on impairment measures of social problems, schoolwork difficulties, and self-esteem, with boys being generally rated as more impaired in the combined and hyperactive-impulsive groups but equally or less impaired in the inattentive group.

CONCLUSIONS

The findings suggest the possibility of gender-specific risks associated with high levels of inattentive and hyperactive-impulsive symptoms indicating that ADHD subtype membership should be considered when conducting ADHD gender comparisons.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Research and Evaluation Unit, Women's and Children's Hospital, North Adelaide, South Australia, Australia. brian.graetz@adelaide.edu.auNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Comparative Study
Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

15689729

Citation

Graetz, Brian W., et al. "Gender Differences Among Children With DSM-IV ADHD in Australia." Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, vol. 44, no. 2, 2005, pp. 159-68.
Graetz BW, Sawyer MG, Baghurst P. Gender differences among children with DSM-IV ADHD in Australia. J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry. 2005;44(2):159-68.
Graetz, B. W., Sawyer, M. G., & Baghurst, P. (2005). Gender differences among children with DSM-IV ADHD in Australia. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 44(2), 159-68.
Graetz BW, Sawyer MG, Baghurst P. Gender Differences Among Children With DSM-IV ADHD in Australia. J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry. 2005;44(2):159-68. PubMed PMID: 15689729.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Gender differences among children with DSM-IV ADHD in Australia. AU - Graetz,Brian W, AU - Sawyer,Michael G, AU - Baghurst,Peter, PY - 2005/2/4/pubmed PY - 2005/4/13/medline PY - 2005/2/4/entrez SP - 159 EP - 68 JF - Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry JO - J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry VL - 44 IS - 2 N2 - OBJECTIVE: To examine gender differences among children meeting symptom criteria for DSM-IV attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) identified in a nationally representative sample of Australian children. METHOD: From 2,404 children aged 6 to 13 years, 225 boys and 99 girls with ADHD symptoms were identified using the parent version of the Diagnostic Interview Schedule for Children and compared on parent reports of children's behavioral problems and impairment. RESULTS: When ADHD types were collapsed into a single group, boys and girls did not differ on core symptoms, comorbidity, and impairment with the exception that girls rated higher on somatic complaints and boys had poorer school functioning. However, gender patterns were found to vary across ADHD type on impairment measures of social problems, schoolwork difficulties, and self-esteem, with boys being generally rated as more impaired in the combined and hyperactive-impulsive groups but equally or less impaired in the inattentive group. CONCLUSIONS: The findings suggest the possibility of gender-specific risks associated with high levels of inattentive and hyperactive-impulsive symptoms indicating that ADHD subtype membership should be considered when conducting ADHD gender comparisons. SN - 0890-8567 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/15689729/Gender_differences_among_children_with_DSM_IV_ADHD_in_Australia_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0890-8567(09)61425-8 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -