Pulmonary melioidosis presenting with right paratracheal mass.Southeast Asian J Trop Med Public Health. 2004 Jun; 35(2):384-7.SA
A rare case of pulmonary melioidosis is reported. The patient was a 62-year-old man presenting with subacute fever, dry cough, and significant weight loss. A chest x-ray revealed a right paratracheal mass. The findings from fiberoptic bronchoscopy were a blunt carina and normal tracheobronchial tree. The patient had an underlying disease of poorly controlled diabetes mellitus, heavy smoking, and heavy alcoholic drinking. One of the two cultured blood specimens grew B. pseudomallei. The pathological finding of transbronchial biopsy at the apical segment of the right upper lung showed lymphocytic infiltrates. He was treated with two weeks of intravenous ceftazidime plus cotrimoxazole followed by 5 months of oral doxycycline plus cotrimoxazole. Clinical symptoms significantly improved and the right paratracheal mass disappeared.