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Prevalence of gestational diabetes mellitus and pregnancy outcomes in Asian women with polycystic ovary syndrome.

Abstract

The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) and the pregnancy outcomes in Asian women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). The retrospective cohort study was performed to compare pregnancy outcomes of 47 pregnancies in 41 PCOS women with 264 pregnancies in 222 women with normal menstruation. Logistic regression was used to assess the risk of PCOS on GDM, hypertensive disorder in pregnancy (HDP) and premature delivery. The mean age of both groups was 31 years. The mean body mass index (BMI) and proportion of BMI of > 25 kg/m2 were significantly higher in the PCOS than in the control group. There was no difference in the prevalence of GDM between the PCOS women and the high-risk group of the controls. The prevalence of HDP and premature delivery was significantly greater in PCOS women (21.3 and 13.3%) than in the controls (6.4 and 5.4%), respectively. PCOS was demonstrated as a risk factor for GDM and HDP with borderline statistical significance, but not for premature birth. The Cesarean section rate was higher in the PCOS than in the control group. In conclusion, the prevalence of GDM in Asian women with PCOS is high and comparable to those of a high-risk group.

Authors+Show Affiliations

,

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Faculty of Medicine, Ramathibodi Hospital, Mahidol University, Bangkok, Thailand.

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Source

MeSH

Adult
Asia
Body Mass Index
Cesarean Section
Cohort Studies
Diabetes, Gestational
Female
Glucose Tolerance Test
Humans
Hypertension
Logistic Models
Parity
Polycystic Ovary Syndrome
Pregnancy
Pregnancy Complications
Pregnancy Outcome
Premature Birth
Retrospective Studies
Risk Factors

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

15697074

Citation

Weerakiet, S, et al. "Prevalence of Gestational Diabetes Mellitus and Pregnancy Outcomes in Asian Women With Polycystic Ovary Syndrome." Gynecological Endocrinology : the Official Journal of the International Society of Gynecological Endocrinology, vol. 19, no. 3, 2004, pp. 134-40.
Weerakiet S, Srisombut C, Rojanasakul A, et al. Prevalence of gestational diabetes mellitus and pregnancy outcomes in Asian women with polycystic ovary syndrome. Gynecol Endocrinol. 2004;19(3):134-40.
Weerakiet, S., Srisombut, C., Rojanasakul, A., Panburana, P., Thakkinstian, A., & Herabutya, Y. (2004). Prevalence of gestational diabetes mellitus and pregnancy outcomes in Asian women with polycystic ovary syndrome. Gynecological Endocrinology : the Official Journal of the International Society of Gynecological Endocrinology, 19(3), pp. 134-40.
Weerakiet S, et al. Prevalence of Gestational Diabetes Mellitus and Pregnancy Outcomes in Asian Women With Polycystic Ovary Syndrome. Gynecol Endocrinol. 2004;19(3):134-40. PubMed PMID: 15697074.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Prevalence of gestational diabetes mellitus and pregnancy outcomes in Asian women with polycystic ovary syndrome. AU - Weerakiet,S, AU - Srisombut,C, AU - Rojanasakul,A, AU - Panburana,P, AU - Thakkinstian,A, AU - Herabutya,Y, PY - 2005/2/9/pubmed PY - 2005/3/4/medline PY - 2005/2/9/entrez SP - 134 EP - 40 JF - Gynecological endocrinology : the official journal of the International Society of Gynecological Endocrinology JO - Gynecol. Endocrinol. VL - 19 IS - 3 N2 - The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) and the pregnancy outcomes in Asian women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). The retrospective cohort study was performed to compare pregnancy outcomes of 47 pregnancies in 41 PCOS women with 264 pregnancies in 222 women with normal menstruation. Logistic regression was used to assess the risk of PCOS on GDM, hypertensive disorder in pregnancy (HDP) and premature delivery. The mean age of both groups was 31 years. The mean body mass index (BMI) and proportion of BMI of > 25 kg/m2 were significantly higher in the PCOS than in the control group. There was no difference in the prevalence of GDM between the PCOS women and the high-risk group of the controls. The prevalence of HDP and premature delivery was significantly greater in PCOS women (21.3 and 13.3%) than in the controls (6.4 and 5.4%), respectively. PCOS was demonstrated as a risk factor for GDM and HDP with borderline statistical significance, but not for premature birth. The Cesarean section rate was higher in the PCOS than in the control group. In conclusion, the prevalence of GDM in Asian women with PCOS is high and comparable to those of a high-risk group. SN - 0951-3590 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/15697074/Prevalence_of_gestational_diabetes_mellitus_and_pregnancy_outcomes_in_Asian_women_with_polycystic_ovary_syndrome_ L2 - http://www.diseaseinfosearch.org/result/2236 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -