Duodenal dearterialization and stapling for severe hemorrhage from duodenal varices with portal vein thrombosis.Am J Surg. 2005 Jan; 189(1):49-52.AJ
Hemorrhage from duodenal varices is a rare but frequently fatal cause of gastrointestinal bleeding. Portal vein thrombosis may worsen the bleeding and prevent access for reduction of variceal pressure.
A technique to control bleeding and reduce inflow pressure to the varices is described. It includes ligation of the gastroduodenal and splenic arteries, splenectomy, stapling of the duodenum, and gastroenterostomy.
Three patients, hemodynamically unstable from duodenal hemorrhage, underwent the procedure. No further bleeding was encountered. One patient died of fungal sepsis and liver failure, but 2 are alive without further problems 21 and 24 months later.
Reduction in arterial inflow, direct variceal ligation, reversal of hypersplenism, and food stream diversion are elements of this procedure that may have contributed the control of severe hemorrhage from duodenal varices associated with portal vein thrombosis.