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Vegetarian diets: what are the advantages?
Forum Nutr 2005; (57):147-56FN

Abstract

A growing body of scientific evidence indicates that wholesome vegetarian diets offer distinct advantages compared to diets containing meat and other foods of animal origin. The benefits arise from lower intakes of saturated fat, cholesterol and animal protein as well as higher intakes of complex carbohydrates, dietary fiber, magnesium, folic acid, vitamin C and E, carotenoids and other phytochemicals. Since vegetarians consume widely divergent diets, a differentiation between various types of vegetarian diets is necessary. Indeed, many contradictions and misunderstandings concerning vegetarianism are due to scientific data from studies without this differentiation. In the past, vegetarian diets have been described as being deficient in several nutrients including protein, iron, zinc, calcium, vitamin B12 and A, n-3 fatty acids and iodine. Numerous studies have demonstrated that the observed deficiencies are usually due to poor meal planning. Well-balanced vegetarian diets are appropriate for all stages of the life cycle, including children, adolescents, pregnant and lactating women, the elderly and competitive athletes. In most cases, vegetarian diets are beneficial in the prevention and treatment of certain diseases, such as cardiovascular disease, hypertension, diabetes, cancer, osteoporosis, renal disease and dementia, as well as diverticular disease, gallstones and rheumatoid arthritis. The reasons for choosing a vegetarian diet often go beyond health and well-being and include among others economical, ecological and social concerns. The influences of these aspects of vegetarian diets are the subject of the new field of nutritional ecology that is concerned with sustainable life styles and human development.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Institute of Nutritional Sciences, University of Giessen, Giessen, Germany. claus.leitzmann@ernaehrung.uni-giessen.de

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Review

Language

eng

PubMed ID

15702597

Citation

Leitzmann, Claus. "Vegetarian Diets: what Are the Advantages?" Forum of Nutrition, 2005, pp. 147-56.
Leitzmann C. Vegetarian diets: what are the advantages? Forum Nutr. 2005.
Leitzmann, C. (2005). Vegetarian diets: what are the advantages? Forum of Nutrition, (57), pp. 147-56.
Leitzmann C. Vegetarian Diets: what Are the Advantages. Forum Nutr. 2005;(57)147-56. PubMed PMID: 15702597.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Vegetarian diets: what are the advantages? A1 - Leitzmann,Claus, PY - 2005/2/11/pubmed PY - 2005/6/28/medline PY - 2005/2/11/entrez SP - 147 EP - 56 JF - Forum of nutrition JO - Forum Nutr IS - 57 N2 - A growing body of scientific evidence indicates that wholesome vegetarian diets offer distinct advantages compared to diets containing meat and other foods of animal origin. The benefits arise from lower intakes of saturated fat, cholesterol and animal protein as well as higher intakes of complex carbohydrates, dietary fiber, magnesium, folic acid, vitamin C and E, carotenoids and other phytochemicals. Since vegetarians consume widely divergent diets, a differentiation between various types of vegetarian diets is necessary. Indeed, many contradictions and misunderstandings concerning vegetarianism are due to scientific data from studies without this differentiation. In the past, vegetarian diets have been described as being deficient in several nutrients including protein, iron, zinc, calcium, vitamin B12 and A, n-3 fatty acids and iodine. Numerous studies have demonstrated that the observed deficiencies are usually due to poor meal planning. Well-balanced vegetarian diets are appropriate for all stages of the life cycle, including children, adolescents, pregnant and lactating women, the elderly and competitive athletes. In most cases, vegetarian diets are beneficial in the prevention and treatment of certain diseases, such as cardiovascular disease, hypertension, diabetes, cancer, osteoporosis, renal disease and dementia, as well as diverticular disease, gallstones and rheumatoid arthritis. The reasons for choosing a vegetarian diet often go beyond health and well-being and include among others economical, ecological and social concerns. The influences of these aspects of vegetarian diets are the subject of the new field of nutritional ecology that is concerned with sustainable life styles and human development. SN - 1660-0347 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/15702597/Vegetarian_diets:_what_are_the_advantages L2 - https://medlineplus.gov/vegetariandiet.html DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -