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Norovirus and foodborne disease, United States, 1991-2000.
Emerg Infect Dis. 2005 Jan; 11(1):95-102.EI

Abstract

Efforts to prevent foodborne illness target bacterial pathogens, yet noroviruses (NoV) are suspected to be the most common cause of gastroenteritis. New molecular assays allow for better estimation of the role of NoV in foodborne illness. We analyzed 8,271 foodborne outbreaks reported to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention from 1991 to 2000 and additional data from 6 states. The proportion of NoV-confirmed outbreaks increased from 1% in 1991 to 12% in 2000. However, from 1998 to 2000, 76% of NoV outbreaks were reported by only 11 states. In 2000, an estimated 50% of foodborne outbreaks in 6 states were attributable to NoV. NoV outbreaks were larger than bacterial outbreaks (median persons affected: 25 versus 15), and 10% of affected persons sought medical care; 1% were hospitalized. More widespread use of molecular assays will permit better estimates of the role of NoV illness and help direct efforts to control foodborne illness.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

Language

eng

PubMed ID

15705329

Citation

Widdowson, Marc-Alain, et al. "Norovirus and Foodborne Disease, United States, 1991-2000." Emerging Infectious Diseases, vol. 11, no. 1, 2005, pp. 95-102.
Widdowson MA, Sulka A, Bulens SN, et al. Norovirus and foodborne disease, United States, 1991-2000. Emerg Infect Dis. 2005;11(1):95-102.
Widdowson, M. A., Sulka, A., Bulens, S. N., Beard, R. S., Chaves, S. S., Hammond, R., Salehi, E. D., Swanson, E., Totaro, J., Woron, R., Mead, P. S., Bresee, J. S., Monroe, S. S., & Glass, R. I. (2005). Norovirus and foodborne disease, United States, 1991-2000. Emerging Infectious Diseases, 11(1), 95-102.
Widdowson MA, et al. Norovirus and Foodborne Disease, United States, 1991-2000. Emerg Infect Dis. 2005;11(1):95-102. PubMed PMID: 15705329.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Norovirus and foodborne disease, United States, 1991-2000. AU - Widdowson,Marc-Alain, AU - Sulka,Alana, AU - Bulens,Sandra N, AU - Beard,R Suzanne, AU - Chaves,Sandra S, AU - Hammond,Roberta, AU - Salehi,Ellen D P, AU - Swanson,Ellen, AU - Totaro,Jessica, AU - Woron,Ray, AU - Mead,Paul S, AU - Bresee,Joseph S, AU - Monroe,Stephan S, AU - Glass,Roger I, PY - 2005/2/12/pubmed PY - 2005/4/7/medline PY - 2005/2/12/entrez SP - 95 EP - 102 JF - Emerging infectious diseases JO - Emerg Infect Dis VL - 11 IS - 1 N2 - Efforts to prevent foodborne illness target bacterial pathogens, yet noroviruses (NoV) are suspected to be the most common cause of gastroenteritis. New molecular assays allow for better estimation of the role of NoV in foodborne illness. We analyzed 8,271 foodborne outbreaks reported to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention from 1991 to 2000 and additional data from 6 states. The proportion of NoV-confirmed outbreaks increased from 1% in 1991 to 12% in 2000. However, from 1998 to 2000, 76% of NoV outbreaks were reported by only 11 states. In 2000, an estimated 50% of foodborne outbreaks in 6 states were attributable to NoV. NoV outbreaks were larger than bacterial outbreaks (median persons affected: 25 versus 15), and 10% of affected persons sought medical care; 1% were hospitalized. More widespread use of molecular assays will permit better estimates of the role of NoV illness and help direct efforts to control foodborne illness. SN - 1080-6040 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/15705329/Norovirus_and_foodborne_disease_United_States_1991_2000_ L2 - https://www.cdc.gov/ncidod/EID/vol11no01/04-0426.htm DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -