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Psychophysiological assessment during exposure in driving phobic patients.
J Abnorm Psychol. 2005 Feb; 114(1):126-39.JA

Abstract

A comprehensive assessment of fear or anxiety requires measurement of both self-report and physiological responses. Respiratory abnormalities have been rarely examined during real-life exposure, although they are an integral part of fear. Twenty-one women with a specific driving phobia and 17 nonphobic women were psychophysiologically monitored during 2 highway-driving sessions; phobic women completed an additional session. Respiratory movements, end-tidal partial pressure of carbon dioxide, an electrocardiogram, skin conductance, and skin temperature were recorded. Phobic patients differed from control participants both physiologically and experientially before, during, and after exposure. Effect size during exposure was large for the authors' measure of hyperventilation. Discriminant analysis indicated that multiple physiological measures contributed nonredundant information and correctly classified 95% of phobic and control participants. Thus, selected respiratory and autonomic measures are valid diagnostic and therapeutic outcome criteria for this situational phobia.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Stanford University School of Medicine, Palo Alto, CA, USA. alpers@psychologie.uni-wuerzburg.deNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.
Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

Language

eng

PubMed ID

15709819

Citation

Alpers, Georg W., et al. "Psychophysiological Assessment During Exposure in Driving Phobic Patients." Journal of Abnormal Psychology, vol. 114, no. 1, 2005, pp. 126-39.
Alpers GW, Wilhelm FH, Roth WT. Psychophysiological assessment during exposure in driving phobic patients. J Abnorm Psychol. 2005;114(1):126-39.
Alpers, G. W., Wilhelm, F. H., & Roth, W. T. (2005). Psychophysiological assessment during exposure in driving phobic patients. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 114(1), 126-39.
Alpers GW, Wilhelm FH, Roth WT. Psychophysiological Assessment During Exposure in Driving Phobic Patients. J Abnorm Psychol. 2005;114(1):126-39. PubMed PMID: 15709819.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Psychophysiological assessment during exposure in driving phobic patients. AU - Alpers,Georg W, AU - Wilhelm,Frank H, AU - Roth,Walton T, PY - 2005/2/16/pubmed PY - 2005/4/27/medline PY - 2005/2/16/entrez SP - 126 EP - 39 JF - Journal of abnormal psychology JO - J Abnorm Psychol VL - 114 IS - 1 N2 - A comprehensive assessment of fear or anxiety requires measurement of both self-report and physiological responses. Respiratory abnormalities have been rarely examined during real-life exposure, although they are an integral part of fear. Twenty-one women with a specific driving phobia and 17 nonphobic women were psychophysiologically monitored during 2 highway-driving sessions; phobic women completed an additional session. Respiratory movements, end-tidal partial pressure of carbon dioxide, an electrocardiogram, skin conductance, and skin temperature were recorded. Phobic patients differed from control participants both physiologically and experientially before, during, and after exposure. Effect size during exposure was large for the authors' measure of hyperventilation. Discriminant analysis indicated that multiple physiological measures contributed nonredundant information and correctly classified 95% of phobic and control participants. Thus, selected respiratory and autonomic measures are valid diagnostic and therapeutic outcome criteria for this situational phobia. SN - 0021-843X UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/15709819/Psychophysiological_assessment_during_exposure_in_driving_phobic_patients_ L2 - http://content.apa.org/journals/abn/114/1/126 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -