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Physically bonded nanoparticle networks: a novel drug delivery system.
Monodispersed nanoparticles consisting of interpenetrating polymer networks (IPNs) of polyacrylic acid (PAAc) and poly(N-isopropylacrylamide) (PNIPAM) were prepared by a seed-and-feed method. The temperature-dependent viscosity measurement revealed that the IPN nanoparticle dispersions with polymer concentrations above 2.5 wt.% underwent an inverse thermoreversible gelation at about 33 degrees C. Dextran markers of various molecular weights as model macromolecular drugs were mixed with the IPN nanoparticle dispersion at room temperature. At body temperature, the dispersion became a gel. The drug release profiles were then measured using UV-Visible spectroscopy as a function of particle size and polymer concentration. The schematic structure of the nanoparticle network was proposed based on the experimental results. The drug delivery model presented here was significant because such a dispersion and a drug was mixed without chemical reaction at room temperature to form a drug delivery liquid. This liquid could be injected into a body to form in situ a gelled drug depot to release the drug slowly.
Department of Physics, University of North Texas, Denton, TX 76203, USA.,
MeSHDrug Delivery Systems
Pub Type(s)Journal Article
Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.