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The epidemiology of chronic venous insufficiency and varicose veins.

Abstract

Chronic venous disease is a common condition presenting to physicians in Western Europe and the United States. This article provides a comprehensive review of the published literature in the English language, from 1942 to the present, and focuses on the prevalence of chronic venous insufficiency and varicose veins, as well as the involved risk factors. Prevalence estimates vary widely by geographic location, with the highest reported rates in Western countries. Reports of prevalence of chronic venous insufficiency vary from < 1% to 40% in females and from < 1% to 17% in males. Prevalence estimates for varicose veins are higher, <1% to 73% in females and 2% to 56% in males. The reported ranges in prevalence estimations presumably reflect differences in the population distribution of risk factors, accuracy in application of diagnostic criteria, and the quality and availability of medical diagnostic and treatment resources. Established risk factors include older age, female gender, pregnancy, family history of venous disease, obesity, and occupations associated with orthostasis. Yet, there are several factors that are not well documented, such as diet, physical activity and exogenous hormone use, which may be important in the development of chronic venous disease and its clinical manifestations.

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  • Authors+Show Affiliations

    ,

    Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, Division of Venous Disease University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109, USA. jbeebe@med.umich.edu

    , ,

    Source

    Annals of epidemiology 15:3 2005 Mar pg 175-84

    MeSH

    Chronic Disease
    Europe
    Humans
    Prevalence
    Risk Factors
    Sex Distribution
    United States
    Varicose Veins
    Venous Insufficiency

    Pub Type(s)

    Journal Article
    Review

    Language

    eng

    PubMed ID

    15723761

    Citation

    Beebe-Dimmer, Jennifer L., et al. "The Epidemiology of Chronic Venous Insufficiency and Varicose Veins." Annals of Epidemiology, vol. 15, no. 3, 2005, pp. 175-84.
    Beebe-Dimmer JL, Pfeifer JR, Engle JS, et al. The epidemiology of chronic venous insufficiency and varicose veins. Ann Epidemiol. 2005;15(3):175-84.
    Beebe-Dimmer, J. L., Pfeifer, J. R., Engle, J. S., & Schottenfeld, D. (2005). The epidemiology of chronic venous insufficiency and varicose veins. Annals of Epidemiology, 15(3), pp. 175-84.
    Beebe-Dimmer JL, et al. The Epidemiology of Chronic Venous Insufficiency and Varicose Veins. Ann Epidemiol. 2005;15(3):175-84. PubMed PMID: 15723761.
    * Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
    TY - JOUR T1 - The epidemiology of chronic venous insufficiency and varicose veins. AU - Beebe-Dimmer,Jennifer L, AU - Pfeifer,John R, AU - Engle,Jennifer S, AU - Schottenfeld,David, PY - 2003/12/30/received PY - 2004/05/25/accepted PY - 2005/2/23/pubmed PY - 2005/6/10/medline PY - 2005/2/23/entrez SP - 175 EP - 84 JF - Annals of epidemiology JO - Ann Epidemiol VL - 15 IS - 3 N2 - Chronic venous disease is a common condition presenting to physicians in Western Europe and the United States. This article provides a comprehensive review of the published literature in the English language, from 1942 to the present, and focuses on the prevalence of chronic venous insufficiency and varicose veins, as well as the involved risk factors. Prevalence estimates vary widely by geographic location, with the highest reported rates in Western countries. Reports of prevalence of chronic venous insufficiency vary from < 1% to 40% in females and from < 1% to 17% in males. Prevalence estimates for varicose veins are higher, <1% to 73% in females and 2% to 56% in males. The reported ranges in prevalence estimations presumably reflect differences in the population distribution of risk factors, accuracy in application of diagnostic criteria, and the quality and availability of medical diagnostic and treatment resources. Established risk factors include older age, female gender, pregnancy, family history of venous disease, obesity, and occupations associated with orthostasis. Yet, there are several factors that are not well documented, such as diet, physical activity and exogenous hormone use, which may be important in the development of chronic venous disease and its clinical manifestations. SN - 1047-2797 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/15723761/The_epidemiology_of_chronic_venous_insufficiency_and_varicose_veins_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S1047-2797(04)00089-4 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -