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Prevalence and comorbidity of major depressive disorder in young black and white women.
J Psychiatr Res. 2005 May; 39(3):275-83.JP

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

This study reports the prevalence and comorbidity of depression in two large samples of black and white young adult women.

METHOD

Clinical interviews of participants in a follow-up study of the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute Growth and Health Study (NGHS-Wave II; N=378) were contrasted with a subsample of the National Comorbidity Survey (NCS; N=3749) to examine the rates and comorbidity of lifetime major depressive disorder in black and white women using methodology described by . The sequencing of disorders was also examined to determine which disorder was primary. Comorbidity and sequencing were examined for alcohol and drug use disorder, panic disorder, specific phobia, social phobia, and post-traumatic stress disorder.

RESULTS

Prevalence estimates for depression, alcohol use disorder, and drug use disorder were higher for white women than for black women in both NGHS-Wave II and NCS. Over half of depressed participants in both samples had at least one comorbid disorder and depression was associated with an increased probability of all the investigated disorders. Only one ethnic difference was found in comorbidity, indicating that black women were more likely to have comorbid panic disorder than white women were. Depression was primary to alcohol and substance use disorders, whereas it was secondary to specific phobia and PTSD.

CONCLUSIONS

High rates of comorbidity were found for both black and white women, though few ethnic differences in comorbidity were found. Preventive and treatment interventions are needed to address multiple disorders in young adult women.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Counseling and Applied Educational Psychology, Northeastern University, 203 Lake Hall Boston, MA 02115-5000, USA. d.franko@neu.eduNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

Language

eng

PubMed ID

15725426

Citation

Franko, Debra L., et al. "Prevalence and Comorbidity of Major Depressive Disorder in Young Black and White Women." Journal of Psychiatric Research, vol. 39, no. 3, 2005, pp. 275-83.
Franko DL, Thompson D, Barton BA, et al. Prevalence and comorbidity of major depressive disorder in young black and white women. J Psychiatr Res. 2005;39(3):275-83.
Franko, D. L., Thompson, D., Barton, B. A., Dohm, F. A., Kraemer, H. C., Iachan, R., Crawford, P. B., Schreiber, G. B., Daniels, S. R., & Striegel-Moore, R. H. (2005). Prevalence and comorbidity of major depressive disorder in young black and white women. Journal of Psychiatric Research, 39(3), 275-83.
Franko DL, et al. Prevalence and Comorbidity of Major Depressive Disorder in Young Black and White Women. J Psychiatr Res. 2005;39(3):275-83. PubMed PMID: 15725426.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Prevalence and comorbidity of major depressive disorder in young black and white women. AU - Franko,Debra L, AU - Thompson,Douglas, AU - Barton,Bruce A, AU - Dohm,Faith-Anne, AU - Kraemer,Helena C, AU - Iachan,Ronaldo, AU - Crawford,Patricia B, AU - Schreiber,George B, AU - Daniels,Stephen R, AU - Striegel-Moore,Ruth H, PY - 2004/05/27/received PY - 2004/08/16/revised PY - 2004/08/18/accepted PY - 2005/2/24/pubmed PY - 2005/7/19/medline PY - 2005/2/24/entrez SP - 275 EP - 83 JF - Journal of psychiatric research JO - J Psychiatr Res VL - 39 IS - 3 N2 - OBJECTIVE: This study reports the prevalence and comorbidity of depression in two large samples of black and white young adult women. METHOD: Clinical interviews of participants in a follow-up study of the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute Growth and Health Study (NGHS-Wave II; N=378) were contrasted with a subsample of the National Comorbidity Survey (NCS; N=3749) to examine the rates and comorbidity of lifetime major depressive disorder in black and white women using methodology described by . The sequencing of disorders was also examined to determine which disorder was primary. Comorbidity and sequencing were examined for alcohol and drug use disorder, panic disorder, specific phobia, social phobia, and post-traumatic stress disorder. RESULTS: Prevalence estimates for depression, alcohol use disorder, and drug use disorder were higher for white women than for black women in both NGHS-Wave II and NCS. Over half of depressed participants in both samples had at least one comorbid disorder and depression was associated with an increased probability of all the investigated disorders. Only one ethnic difference was found in comorbidity, indicating that black women were more likely to have comorbid panic disorder than white women were. Depression was primary to alcohol and substance use disorders, whereas it was secondary to specific phobia and PTSD. CONCLUSIONS: High rates of comorbidity were found for both black and white women, though few ethnic differences in comorbidity were found. Preventive and treatment interventions are needed to address multiple disorders in young adult women. SN - 0022-3956 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/15725426/Prevalence_and_comorbidity_of_major_depressive_disorder_in_young_black_and_white_women_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0022-3956(04)00116-5 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -