Favorable outcome of Ewing sarcoma family tumors to multiagent intensive preoperative chemotherapy: a single institution experience.J Surg Oncol. 2005 Mar 15; 89(4):239-43.JS
Aim of our study was to evaluate the efficacy of multiagent intensive preoperative chemotherapy in patients with Ewing sarcoma family tumors (ESFT), in order to succeed a better percentage of necrosis before surgical resection.
Eighteen patients with ESFT were treated with the same multiagent intensive preoperative protocol. 5/18 patients had bone Ewings sarcoma (EWS) and 13/18 had peripheral primitive neuroectodermal tumor (PNET). None had metastases at diagnosis. Chemotherapy consisted of 5 or 6 cycles with vincristine, cisplatin, cyclophosphamide, and Adriamycin, followed by 12 cycles of vincristine, cyclophosphamide, and actinomycin-D. Five patients with EWS underwent total resection after 5-6 cycles of preoperative chemotherapy and prosthetic replacement was performed in two of them. In 3/13 patients with PNET the tumor was resected at diagnosis and in 1/13 after 5 cycles of chemotherapy, while 9/13 patients received chemotherapy only and/or radiotherapy.
In patients with EWS, the histologic specimens of the resected tumors showed that tissue necrosis was 100% in four patients and 95% in one patient. The good histologic response reflects the effectiveness of this regimen in all ESFT. No patient had topical recurrence or developed metastatic disease during follow-up period (2-13 years, mean time 7.4 years). All patients had the scheduled cycles without delays or dose reductions. There were no major side effects of chemotherapy.
The intensive chemotherapy schedule, comprising of 5-6 cycles preoperatively, seems to maximize the percentage of tumor necrosis, thus improving outcome. Our study implies that this combined therapy may improve the prognosis of ESFT.