Synthesis and application of phosphinoferrocenylaminophosphine ligands for asymmetric catalysis.J Org Chem. 2005 Mar 04; 70(5):1872-80.JO
A new class of bidentate ligands utilizing a phosphine-aminophosphine structure has been prepared on a ferrocenylethyl backbone in a straightforward and scalable fashion from acetylferrocene. The unique property of the alpha-ferrocenyl carbonium ion that allows the replacement of a variety of "leaving groups" with retention of configuration greatly facilitates the synthesis, and a number of ligands have been prepared by varying the nitrogen and phosphorus substituents on the aminophosphine. These readily prepared phosphinoferrocenylaminophosphines, known as BoPhoz ligands, show surprising hydrolytic and air stability, with no degradation after 3 years open to the air. The rhodium complexes of these ligands show exceedingly high enantioselectivities (generally >95% ee) and activities often in excess of 50,000 catalyst turnovers per hour for the asymmetric hydrogenation of a wide variety of dehydro-alpha-amino acid and itaconic acid derivatives. They also show high activity and good to excellent enantioselectivity for the hydrogenation of a number of alpha-ketoesters.