Effects of post-treatment with low-dose propofol on inflammatory responses to lipopolysaccharide-induced shock in conscious rats.Clin Exp Pharmacol Physiol. 2005 Jan-Feb; 32(1-2):24-9.CE
1. In the present study, we used a low dose of propofol (5 mg/kg per h) to investigate its effects on the pro-inflammatory cytokines (tumour necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha, interleukin (IL)-1beta and IL-10) and changes in nitric oxide (NO) following lipopolysaccharide (LPS) for a period of 12 h in conscious rats. 2. Experiments were designed to induce endotoxin shock by intravenous injection of Klebsiella pneumoniae LPS (10 mg/kg) in conscious rats. Arterial pressure (AP) and heart rate (HR) were monitored continuously for 12 h after LPS administration. Tumour necrosis factor-alpha, IL-1beta, IL-10 and plasma nitrates/nitrites were determined before and 0.5, 1, 3, 6, 9 and 12 h after LPS administration. A low dose of intravenous propofol (5 mg/kg per h) was administered to investigate the effects on cytokine responses and changes in NO in endotoxin shock. 3. Lipopolysaccharide significantly increased TNF-alpha, IL-1beta, IL-10, nitrites/nitrates and HR, whereas mean AP was decreased. Post-treatment with propofol suppressed the release of TNF-alpha, IL-1beta, IL-10 and NO production after endotoxin shock. 4. Lipopolysaccharide also caused a decrease in the white blood cell count and haematocrit. 5. Post-treatment with propofol slightly, but not significantly, affected the LPS-induced systemic hypotension, tachycardia, leukocytopenia and anaemia. 6. These findings suggest that low-dose propofol may be beneficial to the inflammatory change in sepsis.