Plasma bikunin as a favorable prognostic factor in ovarian cancer.J Clin Oncol. 2005 Mar 01; 23(7):1463-72.JC
Bikunin is a multifunctional glycoprotein, which mediates suppression of tumor cell invasion and metastasis. The measurement of bikunin levels in the tissue of patients with malignant diseases has been introduced as a new and simple diagnostic tool for the evaluation of prognosis. The high bikunin expression in ovarian cancer tissue would enable the use of soluble bikunin protein present in the circulation of ovarian cancer patients as a biomarker of disease.
PATIENTS AND METHODS
We developed a double-antibody immunoassay for bikunin and detected its presence in normal human circulation. We quantified, by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay and/or immunoblot assay bikunin in sera from 200 healthy women (controls), 200 patients with benign gynecologic diseases, and 327 patients with ovarian cancer before surgical removal of the tumor.
When the values of bikunin corresponding to the median were used as the cutoff value (11.5 microg/mL), low plasma bikunin was strongly associated with late-stage, suboptimal debulking with large residual tumor (> 2 cm) and low response to chemotherapy. The median survival time of the patients with a high bikunin level was more than 60 months as compared with 26 months among those with low bikunin level (P = .002). This difference corresponded to a 2.2-fold increased risk of dying for the lower plasma bikunin patients (hazard ratio, 0.45; P = .023) and remained significant in multivariate analysis (hazard ratio, 0.63; P = .041).
Preoperative plasma bikunin concentration is a strong and independent favorable prognostic marker for ovarian cancer.