The SH2-domian-containing inositol 5-phosphatase (SHIP)-2 binds to c-Met directly via tyrosine residue 1356 and involves hepatocyte growth factor (HGF)-induced lamellipodium formation, cell scattering and cell spreading.Oncogene. 2005 May 12; 24(21):3436-47.O
Recently, evidence has been accumulating that inositol and phosphatidylinositol polyphosphate play important roles in a variety of signal transduction systems including membrane traffic, actin cytoskeleton rearrangement and cell motility. In this paper, we show for the first time that the SH2-domain-containing inositol 5-phosphatase (SHIP)-2 binds directly to the hepatocyte growth factor (HGF/SF) receptor, c-Met, via phosphotyrosine 1356. HGF induces the breakdown of cell junctions and the dispersion of colonies of epithelial cells including MDCK cells. Whereas only few lamellipodia are observed in MDCK cells 2 min after stimulation with HGF, both SHIP-2- and SHIP-1-overexpressing cells form large, broad lamellipodia. The number of lamellipodia is 2-4-fold greater than that of mock-transfected MDCK cells in the same time period and SHIP is found to colocalize with actin at the leading edge. Furthermore, overexpression of a catalytic inactive mutant of SHIP-2 suppresses HGF-potentiated cell scattering and cell spreading, although these mutant-expressing cells form enhanced number of lamellipodia 2 min after HGF stimulation. Interestingly, cells expressing a mutant lacking the proline-rich domain of SHIP-2 at the C-terminal form few lamellipodia, but still spread and scatter upon stimulation with HGF at a reduced rate. These data suggest that phosphatase activity is required for HGF-mediated cell spreading and scattering but not for alteration of lamellipodium formation, while the proline-rich region influences lamellipodium formation. Furthermore, treatment with 10 microM of phosphatidylinositol 3 (PI3) kinase inhibitor, LY294002, abrogates HGF-induced cell scattering of SHIP-2-overexpressing cells but not parental HEK293 cells, suggesting that a balance between PI3 kinase and SHIP is important for cell motility.