Soluble E-selectin, leptin, triglycerides, and insulin resistance in nonobese Japanese type 2 diabetic patients.Metabolism. 2005 Mar; 54(3):376-80.M
The aim of the present study was to investigate the relationships between insulin resistance and soluble E-selectin, body mass index (BMI), leptin, and serum lipid profile including triglycerides in nonobese Japanese type 2 diabetic patients. A total of 97 nonobese Japanese type 2 diabetic patients aged 43 to 84 years were examined. The duration of diabetes was 11.2 +/- 0.8 years. In conjunction with BMI and fasting concentrations of plasma glucose, serum lipids (triglycerides, total cholesterol, and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol) and serum insulin, soluble E-selectin, and leptin were also measured. The low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol level was calculated using the Friedewald formula. Insulin resistance was estimated by the homeostasis model assessment. The subjects were divided into 2 groups according to the value of insulin resistance estimated by the homeostasis model assessment. Values greater than 2.5 were indicative of the insulin-resistant state, and values less than 2.5 were indicative of the insulin-sensitive state. The insulin-resistant group had significantly higher levels of E-selectin, leptin, triglycerides, total and LDL cholesterol, and diastolic blood pressure as compared with the insulin-sensitive group. There was, however, no significant difference in age, sex, diabetes duration, BMI, systolic blood pressure, HbA1c, and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol between the 2 groups. Univariate regression analysis showed that insulin resistance was positively correlated to E-selectin (r = 0.305, P = .003), BMI (r = 0.283, P = .006), leptin (r = 0.296, P = .004), HbA1c (r = 0.241, P = .018), serum triglycerides (r = 0.385, P < .001), serum total (r = 0.240, P = .019) and LDL cholesterol (r = 0.254, P = .013) levels, and systolic (r = 0.247, P = .024) and diastolic (r = 0.305, P = .006) blood pressure. Multiple regression analyses showed that insulin resistance was independently predicted by serum E-selectin (F = 18.4), serum leptin (F = 14.0) and serum triglycerides (F = 20.0) levels, which explained 45.0% of the variability of insulin resistance. From these results, it can be concluded that in conjunction with serum triglycerides and serum leptin, serum E-selectin is another important independent factor associated with insulin resistance in nonobese Japanese type 2 diabetic patients.