A novel trehalose-synthesizing glycosyltransferase from Pyrococcus horikoshii: molecular cloning and characterization.Biochem Biophys Res Commun 2005; 329(2):429-36BB
A gene (ORF PH1035), annotated to encode an uncharacterized hypothetical protein in Pyrococcus horikoshii, was first cloned and expressed in Escherichia coli. The recombinant enzyme was purified to homogeneity by Ni-NTA affinity chromatography and its molecular mass was determined to be 49,871Da by MALDI-TOF mass spectrometry. When the purified enzyme was reacted with nucleoside diphosphate-glucoses including UDP-glucose as a donor and glucose, rather than glucose-6-phosphate, as an acceptor, it specifically created a free trehalose. The enzyme was also able to partly hydrolyze the trehalose to glucose. The optimum pH was 5.5 and the enzyme was highly stable from pH 6 to 8. The deduced amino acid sequence showed a high homology with that of the glycosyl transferase group 1 (Pfam00534) in the BLAST search. The results suggest that the enzyme is a novel glycosyltransferase catalyzing the synthesis of the trehalose in the archaeon.