Sphingolipid-to-glycerophospholipid conversion in SPL-null cells implies the existence of an alternative isozyme.Biochem Biophys Res Commun 2005; 329(2):474-9BB
Sphingosine-1-phosphate (S1P) lyase catalyzes the cleavage of the bioactive lipid molecule S1P to phosphoethanolamine and hexadecenal, both of which are utilized as glycerophospholipid precursors. Until now, only one gene, SPL, has been identified as encoding a S1P lyase. In the present study, SPL-null F9 cells were able to convert radiolabeled dihydrosphingosine to glycerophospholipids, albeit at much lower efficiency than parent cells. Lysates prepared from the SPL-null cells exhibited weak but significant dihydrosphingosine-1-phosphate lyase activity in vitro. These results provide evidence of the existence of an alternative S1P lyase.