Novel planar glucose biosensors for continuous monitoring use.Biosens Bioelectron. 2005 Apr 15; 20(10):1993-2000.BB
Novel planar glucose biosensors to be used for continuous monitoring have been developed. The electrodes are produced with the "screen printing" technique, and present a high degree of reproducibility together with a low cost and the possibility of mass production. Prior to enzyme immobilisation, electrodes are chemically modified with ferric hexacyanoferrate (Prussian Blue). This allows the detection of the hydrogen peroxide produced by the enzymatic reaction catalysed by GOD, at low applied potential (ca. 0.0 V versus Ag/AgCl), highly limiting any electrochemical interferences. The layer of Prussian Blue (PB) showed a high stability at the working conditions (pH 7.4) and also after 1 year of storage dry at RT, no loss of activity was observed. The assembled glucose biosensors, showed high sensitivity towards glucose together with a long-term operational and storage stability. In a continuous flow system, with all the analytical parameters optimised, the glucose biosensors detected glucose concentration as low as 0.025 mM with a linear range up to 1.0mM. These probes were also tested over 50-60 h in a continuous flow mode to evaluate their operational stability. A 0.5 mM concentration of glucose was continuously fluxed into a biosensor wall-jet cell and the current due to the hydrogen peroxide reduction was continuously monitored. After 50-60 h, the drift of the signal observed was around 30%. Because of their high stability, these sensors suggest the possibility of using such biosensors, in conjunction with a microdialysis probe, for a continuous monitoring of glucose for clinical purposes.