Novel electrochemical sensor system for protein using the aptamers in sandwich manner.Biosens Bioelectron. 2005 Apr 15; 20(10):2168-72.BB
Novel electrochemical detection system for protein in sandwich manner using the aptamers was developed. Two different aptamers, which recognize different positions of thrombin, were chosen to construct sandwich type sensing system for protein, and one was immobilized onto the gold electrode for capturing thrombin onto the electrode and the other was used for detection. To obtain the signal, the aptamer for detection was labeled with pyrroquinoline quinone glucose dehydrogenase ((PQQ)GDH), and the electrical current, generated from glucose addition after the formation of the complex of thrombin, gold immobilized aptamer and the (PQQ)GDH labeled aptamer on the electrode, was measured. The increase of the electric current generated by (PQQ)GDH was observed in dependent manner of the concentration of thrombin added, and more than 10nM thrombin was detected selectively. The batch type protein sensing system was constructed using the two different aptamers sandwiching thrombin and it showed linear response to the increase of the thrombin concentration in the range of 40-100 nM.