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Dietary intake estimates in the National Health Interview Survey, 2000: methodology, results, and interpretation.
J Am Diet Assoc. 2005 Mar; 105(3):352-63; quiz 487.JA

Abstract

OBJECTIVES

To describe the implementation of the Multifactor Screener in the 2000 National Health Interview Survey (NHIS); to provide intake estimates for fruits and vegetables, fiber, and percentage of energy from fat by various demographic and behavioral characteristics; and to discuss the strengths and weaknesses of the method.

DESIGN/SUBJECTS

The 2000 NHIS was conducted in 38,632 households in a clustered sample representative of the 48 contiguous states in the United States. The Cancer Control Module was administered to adults (18 years and older) and included 17 dietary intake questions.

ANALYSES

After excluding individuals with missing data or unlikely values on the diet questions, we computed individual intake of servings of fruits and vegetables, percentage of energy from fat, and grams of fiber. We estimated median intakes and distributions of intakes using adjusted variance estimates. We present bivariate relationships between diet and demographics and diet and behavioral characteristics in almost 30,000 adults in the United States.

RESULTS

In general, intakes of these dietary factors were closer to recommendations among well-educated individuals, those engaged in other healthful behaviors, and underweight and normal weight individuals. Latinos had higher intakes of fruits and vegetables (men: 6 servings; women: 4.8 servings) and fiber (men: 23 g; women: 17 g), and generally a lower percentage of energy intake from fat (men: 33.7%; women: 32.1%) than did non-Latino whites (men: 5.4 servings; women: 4.5 servings; men: 19 g; women: 14 g; men: 33.9%; women: 32.0%) and non-Latino blacks (men: 5.4 servings; women: 4.4 servings; men: 19 g; women: 13 g; men: 34.7%; women: 33.5%). The strengths and limitations of the short dietary assessment method are discussed.

CONCLUSIONS

The Multifactor Screener in NHIS, when used in conjunction with external reference data, provides reasonable estimates for three dietary factors and suggests relationships between intakes and other characteristics that are consistent with other data. Thus, these NHIS estimates could provide useful national benchmarks for local surveys using the same instrument.

Authors+Show Affiliations

National Cancer Institute, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA. ThompsoF@mail.NIH.GOVNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

15746822

Citation

Thompson, Frances E., et al. "Dietary Intake Estimates in the National Health Interview Survey, 2000: Methodology, Results, and Interpretation." Journal of the American Dietetic Association, vol. 105, no. 3, 2005, pp. 352-63; quiz 487.
Thompson FE, Midthune D, Subar AF, et al. Dietary intake estimates in the National Health Interview Survey, 2000: methodology, results, and interpretation. J Am Diet Assoc. 2005;105(3):352-63; quiz 487.
Thompson, F. E., Midthune, D., Subar, A. F., McNeel, T., Berrigan, D., & Kipnis, V. (2005). Dietary intake estimates in the National Health Interview Survey, 2000: methodology, results, and interpretation. Journal of the American Dietetic Association, 105(3), 352-63; quiz 487.
Thompson FE, et al. Dietary Intake Estimates in the National Health Interview Survey, 2000: Methodology, Results, and Interpretation. J Am Diet Assoc. 2005;105(3):352-63; quiz 487. PubMed PMID: 15746822.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Dietary intake estimates in the National Health Interview Survey, 2000: methodology, results, and interpretation. AU - Thompson,Frances E, AU - Midthune,Douglas, AU - Subar,Amy F, AU - McNeel,Timothy, AU - Berrigan,David, AU - Kipnis,Victor, PY - 2005/3/5/pubmed PY - 2005/4/13/medline PY - 2005/3/5/entrez SP - 352-63; quiz 487 JF - Journal of the American Dietetic Association JO - J Am Diet Assoc VL - 105 IS - 3 N2 - OBJECTIVES: To describe the implementation of the Multifactor Screener in the 2000 National Health Interview Survey (NHIS); to provide intake estimates for fruits and vegetables, fiber, and percentage of energy from fat by various demographic and behavioral characteristics; and to discuss the strengths and weaknesses of the method. DESIGN/SUBJECTS: The 2000 NHIS was conducted in 38,632 households in a clustered sample representative of the 48 contiguous states in the United States. The Cancer Control Module was administered to adults (18 years and older) and included 17 dietary intake questions. ANALYSES: After excluding individuals with missing data or unlikely values on the diet questions, we computed individual intake of servings of fruits and vegetables, percentage of energy from fat, and grams of fiber. We estimated median intakes and distributions of intakes using adjusted variance estimates. We present bivariate relationships between diet and demographics and diet and behavioral characteristics in almost 30,000 adults in the United States. RESULTS: In general, intakes of these dietary factors were closer to recommendations among well-educated individuals, those engaged in other healthful behaviors, and underweight and normal weight individuals. Latinos had higher intakes of fruits and vegetables (men: 6 servings; women: 4.8 servings) and fiber (men: 23 g; women: 17 g), and generally a lower percentage of energy intake from fat (men: 33.7%; women: 32.1%) than did non-Latino whites (men: 5.4 servings; women: 4.5 servings; men: 19 g; women: 14 g; men: 33.9%; women: 32.0%) and non-Latino blacks (men: 5.4 servings; women: 4.4 servings; men: 19 g; women: 13 g; men: 34.7%; women: 33.5%). The strengths and limitations of the short dietary assessment method are discussed. CONCLUSIONS: The Multifactor Screener in NHIS, when used in conjunction with external reference data, provides reasonable estimates for three dietary factors and suggests relationships between intakes and other characteristics that are consistent with other data. Thus, these NHIS estimates could provide useful national benchmarks for local surveys using the same instrument. SN - 0002-8223 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/15746822/Dietary_intake_estimates_in_the_National_Health_Interview_Survey_2000:_methodology_results_and_interpretation_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0002822304019923 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -