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[Measurement of psychosocial factors in work environment: application of two models of occupational stress].

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

To test the reliability and validity of the Chinese version of Job Content Questionnaire (JCQ) and Effort-Reward Imbalance Questionnaire (ERI) based on the Job Demand-Control Model and Effort-Reward Imbalance Model respectively.

METHODS

928 health care workers in hospitals were investigated in this study. The self-administered questionnaires were used to assess the psychosocial work environment, including job demand, control, social support, extrinsic effort, reward, and overcommitment. Mean while, the internal consistency reliability, construct validity and criterion validity were evaluated.

RESULTS

The Cronbach's alpha coefficients for 6 scales were acceptable (0.56 approximately 0.82); factor analysis showed the close fitness with the theoretical constructs, though the "job demand" and "overcommitment" scales were still questioned; moreover, both demand-control and effort-reward imbalance were independently related to depressive symptom (OR: 1.63 approximately 2.64, P < 0.01), indicating the satisfactory criterion validity.

CONCLUSION

Both Job Demand-Control Model and Effort-Reward Imbalance Model, with their relevant questionnaires were reliable and valid methods for measuring the psychosocial work environment and assessing the occupational stress among Chinese working population and further revision is necessary.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou, 430052, China.No affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Validation Study

Language

chi

PubMed ID

15748474

Citation

Yang, Wen-Jie, and Jian Li. "[Measurement of Psychosocial Factors in Work Environment: Application of Two Models of Occupational Stress]." Zhonghua Lao Dong Wei Sheng Zhi Ye Bing Za Zhi = Zhonghua Laodong Weisheng Zhiyebing Zazhi = Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases, vol. 22, no. 6, 2004, pp. 422-6.
Yang WJ, Li J. [Measurement of psychosocial factors in work environment: application of two models of occupational stress]. Zhonghua Lao Dong Wei Sheng Zhi Ye Bing Za Zhi. 2004;22(6):422-6.
Yang, W. J., & Li, J. (2004). [Measurement of psychosocial factors in work environment: application of two models of occupational stress]. Zhonghua Lao Dong Wei Sheng Zhi Ye Bing Za Zhi = Zhonghua Laodong Weisheng Zhiyebing Zazhi = Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases, 22(6), 422-6.
Yang WJ, Li J. [Measurement of Psychosocial Factors in Work Environment: Application of Two Models of Occupational Stress]. Zhonghua Lao Dong Wei Sheng Zhi Ye Bing Za Zhi. 2004;22(6):422-6. PubMed PMID: 15748474.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - [Measurement of psychosocial factors in work environment: application of two models of occupational stress]. AU - Yang,Wen-Jie, AU - Li,Jian, PY - 2005/3/8/pubmed PY - 2012/10/23/medline PY - 2005/3/8/entrez SP - 422 EP - 6 JF - Zhonghua lao dong wei sheng zhi ye bing za zhi = Zhonghua laodong weisheng zhiyebing zazhi = Chinese journal of industrial hygiene and occupational diseases JO - Zhonghua Lao Dong Wei Sheng Zhi Ye Bing Za Zhi VL - 22 IS - 6 N2 - OBJECTIVE: To test the reliability and validity of the Chinese version of Job Content Questionnaire (JCQ) and Effort-Reward Imbalance Questionnaire (ERI) based on the Job Demand-Control Model and Effort-Reward Imbalance Model respectively. METHODS: 928 health care workers in hospitals were investigated in this study. The self-administered questionnaires were used to assess the psychosocial work environment, including job demand, control, social support, extrinsic effort, reward, and overcommitment. Mean while, the internal consistency reliability, construct validity and criterion validity were evaluated. RESULTS: The Cronbach's alpha coefficients for 6 scales were acceptable (0.56 approximately 0.82); factor analysis showed the close fitness with the theoretical constructs, though the "job demand" and "overcommitment" scales were still questioned; moreover, both demand-control and effort-reward imbalance were independently related to depressive symptom (OR: 1.63 approximately 2.64, P < 0.01), indicating the satisfactory criterion validity. CONCLUSION: Both Job Demand-Control Model and Effort-Reward Imbalance Model, with their relevant questionnaires were reliable and valid methods for measuring the psychosocial work environment and assessing the occupational stress among Chinese working population and further revision is necessary. SN - 1001-9391 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/15748474/[Measurement_of_psychosocial_factors_in_work_environment:_application_of_two_models_of_occupational_stress]_ L2 - https://medlineplus.gov/stress.html DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -