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Under-use of emergency contraception for victims of sexual assault.
Int J Fertil Womens Med 2004 Nov-Dec; 49(6):269-73IJ

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Approximately 700,000 women in the reproductive age group are victims of sexual assault in the United States per year. Between 1% and 5% of sexual assaults result in pregnancy, for a total of 32,000 pregnancies per year. Of these, 14,000 are aborted because of incest or rape.

OBJECTIVE

To determine the percent of emergency departments in the state of Pennsylvania offering routine counseling and provision of emergency contraception to victims of sexual assault. Secondary objectives were to compare provision practices for Catholic versus non-Catholic hospitals, and to compare these practices with other services, such as sexually transmitted disease prophylaxis and sexual assault counseling.

METHODS

A 15-item survey instrument was designed to determine the volume of sexual assault patients seen per year, routinely offered services, and emergency contraception protocols. Three telephone callers administered surveys, using a pre-designed script for each call.

RESULTS

Of the 165 eligible hospitals, 125 (76%) replied. Less than half (42%) of all hospitals routinely offer emergency contraception counseling, and 16% of the hospitals did not offer any counseling regarding emergency contraception.

CONCLUSION

Provision of emergency contraception to victims of sexual assault is inconsistent and insufficient. It is important that sexual assault patients not be further victimized by a system that fails to meet their needs.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, John H. Stroger Jr. Hospital of Cook County Chicago, Illinois 60612, USA.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

15751265

Citation

Patel, Ashlesha, et al. "Under-use of Emergency Contraception for Victims of Sexual Assault." International Journal of Fertility and Women's Medicine, vol. 49, no. 6, 2004, pp. 269-73.
Patel A, Simons R, Piotrowski ZH, et al. Under-use of emergency contraception for victims of sexual assault. Int J Fertil Womens Med. 2004;49(6):269-73.
Patel, A., Simons, R., Piotrowski, Z. H., Shulman, L., & Petraitis, C. (2004). Under-use of emergency contraception for victims of sexual assault. International Journal of Fertility and Women's Medicine, 49(6), pp. 269-73.
Patel A, et al. Under-use of Emergency Contraception for Victims of Sexual Assault. Int J Fertil Womens Med. 2004;49(6):269-73. PubMed PMID: 15751265.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Under-use of emergency contraception for victims of sexual assault. AU - Patel,Ashlesha, AU - Simons,Rebecca, AU - Piotrowski,Z Harry, AU - Shulman,Lee, AU - Petraitis,Carol, PY - 2005/3/9/pubmed PY - 2005/3/25/medline PY - 2005/3/9/entrez SP - 269 EP - 73 JF - International journal of fertility and women's medicine JO - Int J Fertil Womens Med VL - 49 IS - 6 N2 - BACKGROUND: Approximately 700,000 women in the reproductive age group are victims of sexual assault in the United States per year. Between 1% and 5% of sexual assaults result in pregnancy, for a total of 32,000 pregnancies per year. Of these, 14,000 are aborted because of incest or rape. OBJECTIVE: To determine the percent of emergency departments in the state of Pennsylvania offering routine counseling and provision of emergency contraception to victims of sexual assault. Secondary objectives were to compare provision practices for Catholic versus non-Catholic hospitals, and to compare these practices with other services, such as sexually transmitted disease prophylaxis and sexual assault counseling. METHODS: A 15-item survey instrument was designed to determine the volume of sexual assault patients seen per year, routinely offered services, and emergency contraception protocols. Three telephone callers administered surveys, using a pre-designed script for each call. RESULTS: Of the 165 eligible hospitals, 125 (76%) replied. Less than half (42%) of all hospitals routinely offer emergency contraception counseling, and 16% of the hospitals did not offer any counseling regarding emergency contraception. CONCLUSION: Provision of emergency contraception to victims of sexual assault is inconsistent and insufficient. It is important that sexual assault patients not be further victimized by a system that fails to meet their needs. SN - 1534-892X UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/15751265/Under_use_of_emergency_contraception_for_victims_of_sexual_assault_ DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -