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Viral interaction and responses in chronic hepatitis C and B coinfected patients with interferon-alpha plus ribavirin combination therapy.
Antivir Ther. 2005; 10(1):125-33.AT

Abstract

BACKGROUND/AIMS

We conducted a case-control study to investigate the efficacy of interferon-alpha (IFN-alpha) and ribavirin combination therapy for patients with chronic hepatitis C and B virus (HCV/HBV) coinfection and to elucidate the interaction of these two viruses.

METHODS

Forty-two chronic HCV/HBV-coinfected patients (29 IFN-naive, 13 IFN-relapsed) and 84 HCV-monoinfected controls, matched for age, sex and previous history of IFN-alpha therapy, were enrolled. All patients were treated with IFN-alpha-2b 6 MU three-times weekly plus ribavirin 1000-1200 mg daily for 24 weeks. Serum HCV RNA and HBV DNA were determined every 24 weeks for 72 weeks.

RESULTS

The rate of HCV sustained virological response (SVR) was comparable among IFN-naive and IFN-relapsed HCV/HBV-coinfected patients and IFN-naive and IFN-relapsed HCV-monoinfected patients (69.0%, 69.2%, 67.2% and 57.7%, respectively; intention-to-treat analysis). HCV genotype 1b, high pretreatment HCV RNA levels and liver fibrosis were significantly associated with a lower HCV SVR. Of 16 baseline HBV viraemic patients, five (31.3%) achieved HBV SVR, which correlated negatively to HCV genotype non-1b and HCV SVR. Only one (6.3%) had simultaneous seroclearance of HCV and HBV. Antibodies to HBV surface antigen seroconversion developed in five (11.9%) patients during long-term follow-up. HCV responders had significantly higher rates of HBV DNA resurgence than HCV non-responders during and after treatment. Reciprocal viral interference was noted between HCV and HBV after IFN-alpha/ribavirin therapy.

CONCLUSIONS

IFN-alpha/ribavirin combination therapy is effective for HCV/HBV-coinfected patients in eradicating HCV infection and might promote HBV seroclearance, and there is a mutual viral response and reciprocal viral interaction between HBV and HCV.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Hepatobiliary Division, Department of Internal Medicine, Kaohsiung Medical University, Kaohsiung, Taiwan.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

15751770

Citation

Chuang, Won-Long, et al. "Viral Interaction and Responses in Chronic Hepatitis C and B Coinfected Patients With Interferon-alpha Plus Ribavirin Combination Therapy." Antiviral Therapy, vol. 10, no. 1, 2005, pp. 125-33.
Chuang WL, Dai CY, Chang WY, et al. Viral interaction and responses in chronic hepatitis C and B coinfected patients with interferon-alpha plus ribavirin combination therapy. Antivir Ther (Lond). 2005;10(1):125-33.
Chuang, W. L., Dai, C. Y., Chang, W. Y., Lee, L. P., Lin, Z. Y., Chen, S. C., Hsieh, M. Y., Wang, L. Y., & Yu, M. L. (2005). Viral interaction and responses in chronic hepatitis C and B coinfected patients with interferon-alpha plus ribavirin combination therapy. Antiviral Therapy, 10(1), 125-33.
Chuang WL, et al. Viral Interaction and Responses in Chronic Hepatitis C and B Coinfected Patients With Interferon-alpha Plus Ribavirin Combination Therapy. Antivir Ther (Lond). 2005;10(1):125-33. PubMed PMID: 15751770.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Viral interaction and responses in chronic hepatitis C and B coinfected patients with interferon-alpha plus ribavirin combination therapy. AU - Chuang,Won-Long, AU - Dai,Chia-Yen, AU - Chang,Wen-Yu, AU - Lee,Li-Po, AU - Lin,Zu-Yau, AU - Chen,Shinn-Cherng, AU - Hsieh,Ming-Yuh, AU - Wang,Liang-Yen, AU - Yu,Ming-Lung, PY - 2005/3/9/pubmed PY - 2005/5/19/medline PY - 2005/3/9/entrez SP - 125 EP - 33 JF - Antiviral therapy JO - Antivir. Ther. (Lond.) VL - 10 IS - 1 N2 - BACKGROUND/AIMS: We conducted a case-control study to investigate the efficacy of interferon-alpha (IFN-alpha) and ribavirin combination therapy for patients with chronic hepatitis C and B virus (HCV/HBV) coinfection and to elucidate the interaction of these two viruses. METHODS: Forty-two chronic HCV/HBV-coinfected patients (29 IFN-naive, 13 IFN-relapsed) and 84 HCV-monoinfected controls, matched for age, sex and previous history of IFN-alpha therapy, were enrolled. All patients were treated with IFN-alpha-2b 6 MU three-times weekly plus ribavirin 1000-1200 mg daily for 24 weeks. Serum HCV RNA and HBV DNA were determined every 24 weeks for 72 weeks. RESULTS: The rate of HCV sustained virological response (SVR) was comparable among IFN-naive and IFN-relapsed HCV/HBV-coinfected patients and IFN-naive and IFN-relapsed HCV-monoinfected patients (69.0%, 69.2%, 67.2% and 57.7%, respectively; intention-to-treat analysis). HCV genotype 1b, high pretreatment HCV RNA levels and liver fibrosis were significantly associated with a lower HCV SVR. Of 16 baseline HBV viraemic patients, five (31.3%) achieved HBV SVR, which correlated negatively to HCV genotype non-1b and HCV SVR. Only one (6.3%) had simultaneous seroclearance of HCV and HBV. Antibodies to HBV surface antigen seroconversion developed in five (11.9%) patients during long-term follow-up. HCV responders had significantly higher rates of HBV DNA resurgence than HCV non-responders during and after treatment. Reciprocal viral interference was noted between HCV and HBV after IFN-alpha/ribavirin therapy. CONCLUSIONS: IFN-alpha/ribavirin combination therapy is effective for HCV/HBV-coinfected patients in eradicating HCV infection and might promote HBV seroclearance, and there is a mutual viral response and reciprocal viral interaction between HBV and HCV. SN - 1359-6535 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/15751770/Viral_interaction_and_responses_in_chronic_hepatitis_C_and_B_coinfected_patients_with_interferon_alpha_plus_ribavirin_combination_therapy_ L2 - http://www.diseaseinfosearch.org/result/3332 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -