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Alcohol use disorders among US college students and their non-college-attending peers.
Arch Gen Psychiatry 2005; 62(3):321-7AG

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Heavy/binge drinking among college students has become a major public health problem. There is consistent evidence suggesting that young adults in college are drinking more than their non-college-attending peers, but it is still not clear whether they are more likely to suffer from clinically significant alcohol use disorders.

OBJECTIVE

To compare the prevalence of alcohol use disorders and alcohol use disorder symptoms in college-attending young adults with their non-college-attending peers within the same study in a large and representative US national sample.

DESIGN

Cross-sectional survey.

SETTING

Civilian, noninstitutionalized US population.

PARTICIPANTS

Young adults (n = 6352) from the 2001 National Household Survey on Drug Abuse (19-21 years of age, 51% female, 66% white, 14% African American, 14% Hispanic).

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES

Lifetime, past-year, and past-month drinking, past-year and past-month weekly drinking, past-month weekly binge drinking, past-month daily drinking, typical quantity consumed in the past month, and past-year DSM-IV alcohol dependence and abuse diagnoses.

RESULTS

Eighteen percent of US college students (24% of men, 13% of women) suffered from clinically significant alcohol-related problems in the past year, compared with 15% of their non-college-attending peers (22% of men, 9% of women; overall odds ratio = 1.32). The association between past-year alcohol use disorder and college attendance was stronger among women (odds ratio = 1.70) than men (odds ratio = 1.14). College students were more likely to receive a diagnosis of DSM-IV alcohol abuse than their peers not attending college; despite the fact that those in college were drinking more, they were not more likely to receive a diagnosis of DSM-IV alcohol dependence.

CONCLUSIONS

College students suffer from some clinically significant consequences of their heavy/binge drinking, but they do not appear to be at greater risk than their non-college-attending peers for the more pervasive syndrome of problems that is characteristic of alcohol dependence.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Psychological Sciences and the Midwest Alcoholism Research Center, University of Missouri-Columbia, USA. slutskew@missouri.edu

Pub Type(s)

Comparative Study
Journal Article
Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

Language

eng

PubMed ID

15753245

Citation

Slutske, Wendy S.. "Alcohol Use Disorders Among US College Students and Their Non-college-attending Peers." Archives of General Psychiatry, vol. 62, no. 3, 2005, pp. 321-7.
Slutske WS. Alcohol use disorders among US college students and their non-college-attending peers. Arch Gen Psychiatry. 2005;62(3):321-7.
Slutske, W. S. (2005). Alcohol use disorders among US college students and their non-college-attending peers. Archives of General Psychiatry, 62(3), pp. 321-7.
Slutske WS. Alcohol Use Disorders Among US College Students and Their Non-college-attending Peers. Arch Gen Psychiatry. 2005;62(3):321-7. PubMed PMID: 15753245.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Alcohol use disorders among US college students and their non-college-attending peers. A1 - Slutske,Wendy S, PY - 2005/3/9/pubmed PY - 2005/3/22/medline PY - 2005/3/9/entrez SP - 321 EP - 7 JF - Archives of general psychiatry JO - Arch. Gen. Psychiatry VL - 62 IS - 3 N2 - BACKGROUND: Heavy/binge drinking among college students has become a major public health problem. There is consistent evidence suggesting that young adults in college are drinking more than their non-college-attending peers, but it is still not clear whether they are more likely to suffer from clinically significant alcohol use disorders. OBJECTIVE: To compare the prevalence of alcohol use disorders and alcohol use disorder symptoms in college-attending young adults with their non-college-attending peers within the same study in a large and representative US national sample. DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey. SETTING: Civilian, noninstitutionalized US population. PARTICIPANTS: Young adults (n = 6352) from the 2001 National Household Survey on Drug Abuse (19-21 years of age, 51% female, 66% white, 14% African American, 14% Hispanic). MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Lifetime, past-year, and past-month drinking, past-year and past-month weekly drinking, past-month weekly binge drinking, past-month daily drinking, typical quantity consumed in the past month, and past-year DSM-IV alcohol dependence and abuse diagnoses. RESULTS: Eighteen percent of US college students (24% of men, 13% of women) suffered from clinically significant alcohol-related problems in the past year, compared with 15% of their non-college-attending peers (22% of men, 9% of women; overall odds ratio = 1.32). The association between past-year alcohol use disorder and college attendance was stronger among women (odds ratio = 1.70) than men (odds ratio = 1.14). College students were more likely to receive a diagnosis of DSM-IV alcohol abuse than their peers not attending college; despite the fact that those in college were drinking more, they were not more likely to receive a diagnosis of DSM-IV alcohol dependence. CONCLUSIONS: College students suffer from some clinically significant consequences of their heavy/binge drinking, but they do not appear to be at greater risk than their non-college-attending peers for the more pervasive syndrome of problems that is characteristic of alcohol dependence. SN - 0003-990X UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/15753245/Alcohol_use_disorders_among_US_college_students_and_their_non_college_attending_peers_ L2 - http://ovidsp.ovid.com/ovidweb.cgi?T=JS&PAGE=linkout&SEARCH=15753245.ui DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -