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Effects of direct and averted gaze on the perception of facially communicated emotion.
Emotion. 2005 Mar; 5(1):3-11.E

Abstract

Research has largely neglected the effects of gaze direction cues on the perception of facial expressions of emotion. It was hypothesized that when gaze direction matches the underlying behavioral intent (approach-avoidance) communicated by an emotional expression, the perception of that emotion would be enhanced (i.e., shared signal hypothesis). Specifically, the authors expected that (a) direct gaze would enhance the perception of approach-oriented emotions (anger and joy) and (b) averted eye gaze would enhance the perception of avoidance-oriented emotions (fear and sadness). Three studies supported this hypothesis. Study 1 examined emotional trait attributions made to neutral faces. Study 2 examined ratings of ambiguous facial blends of anger and fear. Study 3 examined the influence of gaze on the perception of highly prototypical expressions.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Psychological and Brain Sciences, Dartmouth College, Hanover, NH, USA. rba@alum.dartmouth.orgNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.
Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

Language

eng

PubMed ID

15755215

Citation

Adams, Reginald B., and Robert E. Kleck. "Effects of Direct and Averted Gaze On the Perception of Facially Communicated Emotion." Emotion (Washington, D.C.), vol. 5, no. 1, 2005, pp. 3-11.
Adams RB, Kleck RE. Effects of direct and averted gaze on the perception of facially communicated emotion. Emotion. 2005;5(1):3-11.
Adams, R. B., & Kleck, R. E. (2005). Effects of direct and averted gaze on the perception of facially communicated emotion. Emotion (Washington, D.C.), 5(1), 3-11.
Adams RB, Kleck RE. Effects of Direct and Averted Gaze On the Perception of Facially Communicated Emotion. Emotion. 2005;5(1):3-11. PubMed PMID: 15755215.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Effects of direct and averted gaze on the perception of facially communicated emotion. AU - Adams,Reginald B,Jr AU - Kleck,Robert E, PY - 2005/3/10/pubmed PY - 2005/6/1/medline PY - 2005/3/10/entrez SP - 3 EP - 11 JF - Emotion (Washington, D.C.) JO - Emotion VL - 5 IS - 1 N2 - Research has largely neglected the effects of gaze direction cues on the perception of facial expressions of emotion. It was hypothesized that when gaze direction matches the underlying behavioral intent (approach-avoidance) communicated by an emotional expression, the perception of that emotion would be enhanced (i.e., shared signal hypothesis). Specifically, the authors expected that (a) direct gaze would enhance the perception of approach-oriented emotions (anger and joy) and (b) averted eye gaze would enhance the perception of avoidance-oriented emotions (fear and sadness). Three studies supported this hypothesis. Study 1 examined emotional trait attributions made to neutral faces. Study 2 examined ratings of ambiguous facial blends of anger and fear. Study 3 examined the influence of gaze on the perception of highly prototypical expressions. SN - 1528-3542 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/15755215/Effects_of_direct_and_averted_gaze_on_the_perception_of_facially_communicated_emotion_ L2 - http://content.apa.org/journals/emo/5/1/3 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -