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Molecularly engineered p(HEMA)-based hydrogels for implant biochip biocompatibility.

Abstract

The strategy of phospholipid-based biomimicry has been used to molecularly engineer poly(2-hydroxyethyl methacrylate) [p(HEMA)]-based hydrogels for improved in vitro and potential in vivo biocompatibility. Two methacrylate-based monomers, poly(ethylene glycol) (200) monomethacrylate (PEGMA) and 2-methacryloyloxyethyl phosphorylcholine (MPC), were incorporated at varying mole fractions of 0.0-0.5 mol% PEGMA and 0-10 mol% MPC respectively, into 3 mol% tetraethyleneglycol diacrylate (TEGDA) cross-linked p(HEMA) networks. Upon hydration of these engineered hydrogels, a reduction in receding contact angle from 22+/-1.2 degrees for p(HEMA) to 8+/-2.7 degrees for p(HEMA) containing 0.5:10 mol% PEGMA:MPC was observed, reflecting the significant increase in surface hydrophilicity with increasing PEGMA and MPC content upon prolonged hydration. Hydrogels containing MPC showed a temporal increase in hydrophilicity following continuous immersion in DI water over 5 days. Hydrogels containing 0.5 mol% PEGMA and MPC in the range of 5-10 mol% displayed reduced protein adsorption when incubated with the common extracellular matrix proteins; fibronectin, collagen or laminin, producing up to 64% less protein adsorption compared to p(HEMA). Compositional optima for cell viability and proliferation established from two-factor Central Composite design analysis of human muscle fibroblasts cultured on these hydrogels suggest that those containing PEGMA between 0.3 and 0.5 mol% and MPC levels around 5-10 mol% exhibit desirable characteristics for implant material coatings-high viability (>80%) with low proliferation (<40%), confirming a lack of cytotoxicity.

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  • Authors

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    Source

    Biomaterials 26:23 2005 Aug pg 4767-78

    MeSH

    Adsorption
    Biomimetic Materials
    Cell Adhesion
    Cell Proliferation
    Cell Size
    Cell Survival
    Cells, Cultured
    Coated Materials, Biocompatible
    Extracellular Matrix Proteins
    Fibroblasts
    Humans
    Hydrogels
    Hydrophobic and Hydrophilic Interactions
    Polyhydroxyethyl Methacrylate
    Prostheses and Implants
    Protein Array Analysis
    Protein Binding
    Surface Properties
    Wettability

    Pub Type(s)

    Comparative Study
    Journal Article
    Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
    Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.

    Language

    eng

    PubMed ID

    15763256