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Gender, caste, and economic inequalities and marital violence in rural South India.

Abstract

We conducted a survey to examine the relationships among gender, caste, and economic inequalities and marital violence among women in rural South India. Thirty-four percent of 397 women reported having ever been hit, forced to have sex by their husbands, or both. Women belonging to lower caste, poorer households, having greater economic autonomy, and whose husbands consumed alcohol were more likely to report violence. In multivariate analyses, indicators of women's economic autonomy and husbands' alcohol consumption were significantly associated with violence, independent of caste and economic status, which highlights the need to address the links between gender inequalities and marital violence.

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  • Publisher Full Text
  • Authors+Show Affiliations

    University of California, San Francisco, California, USA. suneeta_krishnan@yahoo.com

    Source

    MeSH

    Adolescent
    Adult
    Battered Women
    Cross-Sectional Studies
    Cultural Characteristics
    Female
    Humans
    India
    Interpersonal Relations
    Middle Aged
    Poverty
    Risk Factors
    Social Class
    Social Dominance
    Socioeconomic Factors
    Spouse Abuse
    Surveys and Questionnaires
    Time Factors
    Women's Health
    Women's Rights

    Pub Type(s)

    Journal Article
    Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

    Language

    eng

    PubMed ID

    15764463

    Citation

    TY - JOUR T1 - Gender, caste, and economic inequalities and marital violence in rural South India. A1 - Krishnan,Suneeta, PY - 2005/3/15/pubmed PY - 2005/3/30/medline PY - 2005/3/15/entrez SP - 87 EP - 99 JF - Health care for women international JO - Health Care Women Int VL - 26 IS - 1 N2 - We conducted a survey to examine the relationships among gender, caste, and economic inequalities and marital violence among women in rural South India. Thirty-four percent of 397 women reported having ever been hit, forced to have sex by their husbands, or both. Women belonging to lower caste, poorer households, having greater economic autonomy, and whose husbands consumed alcohol were more likely to report violence. In multivariate analyses, indicators of women's economic autonomy and husbands' alcohol consumption were significantly associated with violence, independent of caste and economic status, which highlights the need to address the links between gender inequalities and marital violence. SN - 0739-9332 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/15764463/Gender_caste_and_economic_inequalities_and_marital_violence_in_rural_South_India_ L2 - http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/07399330490493368 ER -