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Gender, caste, and economic inequalities and marital violence in rural South India.

Abstract

We conducted a survey to examine the relationships among gender, caste, and economic inequalities and marital violence among women in rural South India. Thirty-four percent of 397 women reported having ever been hit, forced to have sex by their husbands, or both. Women belonging to lower caste, poorer households, having greater economic autonomy, and whose husbands consumed alcohol were more likely to report violence. In multivariate analyses, indicators of women's economic autonomy and husbands' alcohol consumption were significantly associated with violence, independent of caste and economic status, which highlights the need to address the links between gender inequalities and marital violence.

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    MeSH

    Adolescent
    Adult
    Battered Women
    Cross-Sectional Studies
    Cultural Characteristics
    Female
    Humans
    India
    Interpersonal Relations
    Middle Aged
    Poverty
    Questionnaires
    Risk Factors
    Social Class
    Social Dominance
    Socioeconomic Factors
    Spouse Abuse
    Time Factors
    Women's Health
    Women's Rights

    Pub Type(s)

    Journal Article
    Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

    Language

    eng

    PubMed ID

    15764463