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Intraocular pressure measured with a noncontact tonometer in an elderly Chinese population: the Shihpai Eye Study.
Arch Ophthalmol 2005; 123(3):381-6AO

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

To determine the distribution of intraocular pressure (IOP) as measured by a noncontact tonometer (NCT) and risk factors responsible for ocular hypertension in elderly Chinese people.

DESIGN

Population-based study of randomly sampled Chinese people 65 years and older in Shihpai, Taipei, Taiwan.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES

Participants completed an interview and underwent a physical examination and a standardized ophthalmic examination, including IOP measurement with the NCT. People with a history of glaucoma were excluded. Risk factors were assessed using multivariate regression analysis.

RESULTS

Of 1361 study participants examined, 1292 (95.4%) had no history of glaucoma and were therefore included in the study. Their mean +/- SD IOP was 12.9 +/- 3.1 mm Hg. The IOP decreased significantly (P<.001) with age, changing from 13.3 +/- 3.0 mm Hg in participants aged 65 to 69 years to 11.6 +/- 2.8 mm Hg in those 80 years and older. Women had significantly higher IOP than men (P<.001). In the multivariate regression analysis, decreasing age, female sex, increasing systolic blood pressure, a history of diabetes, and alcohol drinking were significantly associated with increasing IOP.

CONCLUSIONS

The distribution of IOP in elderly Chinese people is similar to that found in other East Asian people, with a negative age-IOP relationship. The mean IOP values in this elderly Chinese population were lower than in white people but higher than in Japanese people in similarly aged groups. Establishing the epidemiologic characteristics of IOP with the NCT is important for the mass screening of ocular hypertension.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Ophthalmology, Taipei Veterans General Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

15767482

Citation

Lin, Hsin-Yi, et al. "Intraocular Pressure Measured With a Noncontact Tonometer in an Elderly Chinese Population: the Shihpai Eye Study." Archives of Ophthalmology (Chicago, Ill. : 1960), vol. 123, no. 3, 2005, pp. 381-6.
Lin HY, Hsu WM, Chou P, et al. Intraocular pressure measured with a noncontact tonometer in an elderly Chinese population: the Shihpai Eye Study. Arch Ophthalmol. 2005;123(3):381-6.
Lin, H. Y., Hsu, W. M., Chou, P., Liu, C. J., Chou, J. C., Tsai, S. Y., & Cheng, C. Y. (2005). Intraocular pressure measured with a noncontact tonometer in an elderly Chinese population: the Shihpai Eye Study. Archives of Ophthalmology (Chicago, Ill. : 1960), 123(3), pp. 381-6.
Lin HY, et al. Intraocular Pressure Measured With a Noncontact Tonometer in an Elderly Chinese Population: the Shihpai Eye Study. Arch Ophthalmol. 2005;123(3):381-6. PubMed PMID: 15767482.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Intraocular pressure measured with a noncontact tonometer in an elderly Chinese population: the Shihpai Eye Study. AU - Lin,Hsin-Yi, AU - Hsu,Wen-Ming, AU - Chou,Pesus, AU - Liu,Catherine J, AU - Chou,Joe C, AU - Tsai,Su-Ying, AU - Cheng,Ching-Yu, PY - 2005/3/16/pubmed PY - 2005/3/23/medline PY - 2005/3/16/entrez SP - 381 EP - 6 JF - Archives of ophthalmology (Chicago, Ill. : 1960) JO - Arch. Ophthalmol. VL - 123 IS - 3 N2 - OBJECTIVE: To determine the distribution of intraocular pressure (IOP) as measured by a noncontact tonometer (NCT) and risk factors responsible for ocular hypertension in elderly Chinese people. DESIGN: Population-based study of randomly sampled Chinese people 65 years and older in Shihpai, Taipei, Taiwan. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Participants completed an interview and underwent a physical examination and a standardized ophthalmic examination, including IOP measurement with the NCT. People with a history of glaucoma were excluded. Risk factors were assessed using multivariate regression analysis. RESULTS: Of 1361 study participants examined, 1292 (95.4%) had no history of glaucoma and were therefore included in the study. Their mean +/- SD IOP was 12.9 +/- 3.1 mm Hg. The IOP decreased significantly (P<.001) with age, changing from 13.3 +/- 3.0 mm Hg in participants aged 65 to 69 years to 11.6 +/- 2.8 mm Hg in those 80 years and older. Women had significantly higher IOP than men (P<.001). In the multivariate regression analysis, decreasing age, female sex, increasing systolic blood pressure, a history of diabetes, and alcohol drinking were significantly associated with increasing IOP. CONCLUSIONS: The distribution of IOP in elderly Chinese people is similar to that found in other East Asian people, with a negative age-IOP relationship. The mean IOP values in this elderly Chinese population were lower than in white people but higher than in Japanese people in similarly aged groups. Establishing the epidemiologic characteristics of IOP with the NCT is important for the mass screening of ocular hypertension. SN - 0003-9950 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/15767482/Intraocular_pressure_measured_with_a_noncontact_tonometer_in_an_elderly_Chinese_population:_the_Shihpai_Eye_Study_ L2 - https://jamanetwork.com/journals/jamaophthalmology/fullarticle/10.1001/archopht.123.3.381 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -