[Uterine leiomyoma at the surgical department of the Teaching Hospital of Dakar. Report of 140 cases operated in two years].Dakar Med. 2003; 48(2):72-6.DM
Uterine leiomyomas due to complications in particular mechanical and haemorrhagic constitute a frequent motive of consultation to the surgical department at the university hospital of Dakar. To precise its epidemiologic, clinical and therapeutic aspects, a prospective study of two years (1995-1996) was made. Hundred and forty patients operated for uterine leiomyoma in our department were brought together. Uterine leiomyoma represent 58.82% of the gynaecological disorders operated to the surgical department. These gynaecological affection constitute 15% of the whole surgical pathology. The edge of age most concern was the decade 49-59 years old. The infertility and the low parity were found in 55.14% of the cases. The average delay of consultation was 39 months. The clinical symptoms amounted it metrorrhagia (72%) abdominal or pelvic pains (77.1%) and increase of the volume of the belly (96.4%). The overall reoperating rate was 3.5%. The pelvic ultrasonography allowed to confirm the diagnosis in 84.28% of the cases. The under umbilical laparotomy (90.9%) was the main surgical way. The sub-total hysterectomy was carried out in 35.72% of the cases. The average duration of hospitalization was 9 days and the mortality 0.7%. Main postoperative complications were parietal abscess (16 cases), evisceration (2 cases) and eventration (2 cases). Histological examination realized in 48.06% of the cases confirmed the diagnosis of uterine leiomyoma in every case. In 17.82% of the cases leiomyoma were associated to another lesion and in two cases it was a neoplasm of the uterine cervix. Uterine leiomyomas are frequent in Dakar. Their often impressive volume and metrorrhagia dominant their occasion of diagnosis. Their sufficiently early diagnosis have to noticeably reduce their radical surgery indications in this benign pathology whose association with cervix uterine cancer stays very rare in our daily practical experience.