Long-term results of above knee femoro-popliteal bypass depend on indication for surgery and graft-material.Eur J Vasc Endovasc Surg. 2005 Apr; 29(4):412-8.EJ
OBJECTIVE To determine the long-term results of above-knee femoro-popliteal bypass with autologous saphenous vein (SV) or expanded polytetrafluoroethylene (ePTFE) in routine surgical practice.
Data from the Swedish vascular registry, Swedvasc, was reviewed retrospectively. Patients with bypass surgery in 1996 and 1997 were assessed 5-7 years later. Data were gathered from the case-records and from clinical follow-up. The composite endpoint of graft failure included death within 30 days, occlusion, major amputation, extension of the graft to below-knee position and removal of an infected graft. Kaplan-Meier curves and Cox' proportional hazard ratios were calculated.
Four hundred and ninety-nine patients undergoing bypass for critical limb ischemia (CLI) (56%) or claudication (44%), SV (28%) or ePTFE (72%), were included. There were no significant differences in patient characteristics between patients with SV or ePTFE. CLI and ePTFE were risk factors for graft failure. For patients with both claudication and CLI SV grafts yielded better long-term results than ePTFE grafts (p <0.03) and (p <0.003), respectively. Symptom aggravation after graft occlusion was almost exclusively restricted to ePTFE grafts.
Femoro-popliteal bypass above-knee with SV gives good long-term results, especially for claudication. ePTFE grafts cannot be recommended in claudicants, since occlusion occurs often and frequently leads to CLI.