Altered T helper 1 reaction but not increase of virus load in patients with dengue hemorrhagic fever.FEMS Immunol Med Microbiol. 2005 Apr 01; 44(1):43-50.FI
To investigate whether dengue-2 patients with and without dengue hemorrhagic fever had different virus load, immune mediators, or T helper (Th) reaction, we simultaneously measured virus load, immune mediators and the Th1/Th2 transcription factors T-bet/GATA-3 mRNA expression in a large outbreak of dengue-2 infections in Southern Taiwan. Results showed that virus load was not significantly different between patients with and without dengue hemorrhagic fever. Patients with dengue fever had higher IFN-gamma levels, but patients with dengue hemorrhagic fever had significantly higher IL-10 levels. Further studies showed that patients with dengue hemorrhagic fever had a significantly lower T-bet than those with dengue fever, but GATA-3 mRNA expression in peripheral blood leukocytes was not significant difference between both groups. In conclusion, altered Th1 reaction as reflected by lower T-bet mRNA expression associated with higher IL-10 levels might be involved in the pathogenesis of dengue hemorrhagic fever.