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Suicidal behavior in the family and adolescent risk behavior.
J Adolesc Health. 2005 Apr; 36(4):352.e9-16.JA

Abstract

PURPOSE

The purpose of this study was to examine the prevalence and sociodemographic characteristics of adolescents exposed to suicide attempts and suicide deaths by a family member and to evaluate the separate associations between exposure to a family member's suicide attempts or suicide death and risk behaviors, social-emotional functioning, and family connectedness.

METHOD

We performed a cross-sectional analysis of data collected in 1995 for wave I of the National Longitudinal Survey of Adolescent Health (n = 5,918). The independent variable was the exposure to suicidal behavior by a family member during the past 12 months (death by suicide, suicide attempt, and no suicidal behavior). The dependent variables were substance use, suicidal behavior, violent behavior, perceived shortened life expectancy, emotional distress, and parental and adolescent reports of family connectedness.

RESULTS

In the year before the survey, 3.9% of adolescents experienced a family member's suicide attempt whereas 1.2% experienced a family member's death by suicide. In regression analyses adjusting for sociodemographic variables, adolescents who had experienced the suicide attempt of a family member were more likely than those with no exposure to report the following: cigarette and marijuana use, alcohol misuse, suicidal ideation and attempts, fighting and inflicting injuries, decreased life-expectancy, emotional distress, and decreased adolescent reports of parent-child and family connectedness. Adolescents who had experienced a family member's death by suicide were more likely to report marijuana use and alcohol misuse, suicidal ideation and attempts, inflicting severe injuries, and emotional distress.

CONCLUSIONS

Adolescents who have experienced suicide attempts or suicide deaths in the family show high levels of at-risk behaviors, most notably their own suicidal ideation and attempts.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Psychiatry, University of Rochester, Rochester, New York, USA. julie_cerel@urmc.rochester.eduNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.
Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

Language

eng

PubMed ID

15780792

Citation

Cerel, Julie, and Timothy A. Roberts. "Suicidal Behavior in the Family and Adolescent Risk Behavior." The Journal of Adolescent Health : Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine, vol. 36, no. 4, 2005, pp. 352.e9-16.
Cerel J, Roberts TA. Suicidal behavior in the family and adolescent risk behavior. J Adolesc Health. 2005;36(4):352.e9-16.
Cerel, J., & Roberts, T. A. (2005). Suicidal behavior in the family and adolescent risk behavior. The Journal of Adolescent Health : Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine, 36(4), e9-16.
Cerel J, Roberts TA. Suicidal Behavior in the Family and Adolescent Risk Behavior. J Adolesc Health. 2005;36(4):352.e9-16. PubMed PMID: 15780792.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Suicidal behavior in the family and adolescent risk behavior. AU - Cerel,Julie, AU - Roberts,Timothy A, PY - 2003/12/15/received PY - 2004/08/18/accepted PY - 2005/3/23/pubmed PY - 2006/2/16/medline PY - 2005/3/23/entrez SP - 352.e9 EP - 16 JF - The Journal of adolescent health : official publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine JO - J Adolesc Health VL - 36 IS - 4 N2 - PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to examine the prevalence and sociodemographic characteristics of adolescents exposed to suicide attempts and suicide deaths by a family member and to evaluate the separate associations between exposure to a family member's suicide attempts or suicide death and risk behaviors, social-emotional functioning, and family connectedness. METHOD: We performed a cross-sectional analysis of data collected in 1995 for wave I of the National Longitudinal Survey of Adolescent Health (n = 5,918). The independent variable was the exposure to suicidal behavior by a family member during the past 12 months (death by suicide, suicide attempt, and no suicidal behavior). The dependent variables were substance use, suicidal behavior, violent behavior, perceived shortened life expectancy, emotional distress, and parental and adolescent reports of family connectedness. RESULTS: In the year before the survey, 3.9% of adolescents experienced a family member's suicide attempt whereas 1.2% experienced a family member's death by suicide. In regression analyses adjusting for sociodemographic variables, adolescents who had experienced the suicide attempt of a family member were more likely than those with no exposure to report the following: cigarette and marijuana use, alcohol misuse, suicidal ideation and attempts, fighting and inflicting injuries, decreased life-expectancy, emotional distress, and decreased adolescent reports of parent-child and family connectedness. Adolescents who had experienced a family member's death by suicide were more likely to report marijuana use and alcohol misuse, suicidal ideation and attempts, inflicting severe injuries, and emotional distress. CONCLUSIONS: Adolescents who have experienced suicide attempts or suicide deaths in the family show high levels of at-risk behaviors, most notably their own suicidal ideation and attempts. SN - 1879-1972 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/15780792/Suicidal_behavior_in_the_family_and_adolescent_risk_behavior_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S1054-139X(04)00436-7 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -