Efficacy and safety of the coadministration of ezetimibe with fenofibrate in patients with mixed hyperlipidaemia.Eur Heart J. 2005 May; 26(9):897-905.EH
To examine the efficacy and safety of coadministered ezetimibe (EZE) with fenofibrate (FENO) in patients with mixed hyperlipidaemia.
METHODS AND RESULTS
This was a multicentre, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, parallel arm trial in patients with mixed hyperlipidaemia [LDL-cholesterol (LDL-C), 3.4-5.7 mmol/L (2.6-4.7 mmol/L for patients with type 2 diabetes); triglycerides (TG), 2.3-5.7 mmol/L] and no history of coronary heart disease (CHD), CHD-equivalent disease (except for type 2 diabetes), or CHD risk score>20%. A total of 625 patients was randomized in a 1:3:3:3 ratio to one of four daily treatments for 12 weeks: placebo; EZE 10 mg; FENO 160 mg; FENO 160 mg plus EZE 10 mg (FENO+EZE). The primary endpoint compared the LDL-C lowering efficacy of FENO+EZE vs. FENO alone. LDL-C, non-HDL-cholesterol (non-HDL-C), and apolipoprotein B were significantly (P<0.001) reduced with FENO+EZE when compared with FENO or EZE alone. TG levels were significantly decreased and HDL-C was significantly increased with FENO+EZE and FENO treatments when compared with placebo (P<0.001). Coadministration therapy reduced LDL-C by 20.4%, non-HDL-C by 30.4%, TG by 44.0%, and increased HDL-C by 19.0%. At baseline, >70% of all patients exhibited the small, dense LDL pattern B profile. A greater proportion of patients on FENO+EZE and FENO alone treatments shifted from a more atherogenic LDL size pattern to a larger, more buoyant, and less atherogenic LDL size pattern at study endpoint than those on placebo or EZE. All three active therapies were well tolerated.
Coadministration of EZE with FENO provided a complementary efficacy therapy that improves the atherogenic lipid profile of patients with mixed hyperlipidaemia.