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Male circumcision and the risk of HIV infection.
AIDS Read. 2005 Mar; 15(3):130-1, 135, 138.AR

Abstract

Epidemiologic data have suggested that male circumcision is a major protective factor against male heterosexual HIV transmission and may explain the significant geographic differences in the prevalence of HIV observed within sub-Saharan Africa. To assess the evidence of the protective effect of male circumcision, African studies on its association with HIV infection were reviewed. These studies' systematic lack of control of important confounding factors makes the assessment of the association between male circumcision and HIV transmission very difficult and raises doubt about the validity of the current findings. Randomized trials are needed to determine the true strength of the association. Until then, a decision to recommend mass male circumcision to prevent HIV transmission in sub-Saharan Africa is premature and risky.

Authors+Show Affiliations

School of Health Sciences, Central Michigan University, Mt. Pleasant, Michigan, USA.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Comparative Study
Journal Article
Review

Language

eng

PubMed ID

15786575

Citation

Inungu, Joseph, et al. "Male Circumcision and the Risk of HIV Infection." The AIDS Reader, vol. 15, no. 3, 2005, pp. 130-1, 135, 138.
Inungu J, MaloneBeach E, Betts J. Male circumcision and the risk of HIV infection. AIDS Read. 2005;15(3):130-1, 135, 138.
Inungu, J., MaloneBeach, E., & Betts, J. (2005). Male circumcision and the risk of HIV infection. The AIDS Reader, 15(3), 130-1, 135, 138.
Inungu J, MaloneBeach E, Betts J. Male Circumcision and the Risk of HIV Infection. AIDS Read. 2005;15(3):130-1, 135, 138. PubMed PMID: 15786575.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Male circumcision and the risk of HIV infection. AU - Inungu,Joseph, AU - MaloneBeach,Eilen, AU - Betts,Jeffrey, PY - 2005/3/25/pubmed PY - 2005/4/6/medline PY - 2005/3/25/entrez SP - 130-1, 135, 138 JF - The AIDS reader JO - AIDS Read VL - 15 IS - 3 N2 - Epidemiologic data have suggested that male circumcision is a major protective factor against male heterosexual HIV transmission and may explain the significant geographic differences in the prevalence of HIV observed within sub-Saharan Africa. To assess the evidence of the protective effect of male circumcision, African studies on its association with HIV infection were reviewed. These studies' systematic lack of control of important confounding factors makes the assessment of the association between male circumcision and HIV transmission very difficult and raises doubt about the validity of the current findings. Randomized trials are needed to determine the true strength of the association. Until then, a decision to recommend mass male circumcision to prevent HIV transmission in sub-Saharan Africa is premature and risky. SN - 1053-0894 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/15786575/Male_circumcision_and_the_risk_of_HIV_infection_ L2 - http://www.diseaseinfosearch.org/result/9735 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -