Cholesterol as target of Fe-NTA-induced lipid peroxidation in rat tissues.Toxicol Lett. 2005 May 16; 157(1):1-8.TL
Intraperitoneal injection of the iron-chelate, ferric-nitrilotriacetate (Fe-NTA), induces renal proximal tubular damage associated with oxidative damage in vivo. A sub-lethal dose of Fe-NTA (15 mg Fe/kg body weight) was administered IP to rats; animals were sacrificed and liver, kidney and plasma were collected 1-4 h after injection. In response to the Fe-NTA administration, there were significant time-dependent reductions of the levels of total lipids, cholesterol and total unsaturated fatty acids, and a rise in the concentrations of conjugated dienes, 7-ketocholesterol and fatty acids hydroperoxides, showing a pattern inversely correlated in plasma, kidney and liver. Cholesterol level decreased significantly from 1 h after injection in the kidney and 3-4 h in the plasma and liver of treated rats. This is the first report on cholesterol reduction and accumulated 7-ketocholesterol in the tissues of rats treated with Fe-NTA as a consequence of lipid peroxidation.