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Roles of nitric oxide and oxidative stress in the regulation of blood pressure and renal function in prehypertensive Ren-2 transgenic rats.
Kidney Blood Press Res. 2005; 28(2):117-26.KB

Abstract

AIMS

The present study was performed to evaluate the role of nitric oxide (NO) and its interaction with superoxide anion (O2-) in the regulation of blood pressure (BP) and renal function during the developmental phase of hypertension in Ren-2 transgenic rats (TGR). The first aim was to compare BP and renal functional responses to acute NO synthase (NOS) inhibition achieved by intravenous (i.v.) infusion of Nomega-nitro-L-arginine-methyl ester (L-NAME) in prehypertensive heterozygous TGR and in transgene-negative Hannover Sprague-Dawley (HanSD) rats. The second aim was to evaluate whether scavenging of O2- by infusion of the superoxide dismutase mimetic tempol increases NO bioavailability which therefore should augment BP and renal functional responses to L-NAME.

METHODS

Rats were anesthetized, prepared for clearance experiments and BP and renal functional responses were evaluated in response to i.v. L-NAME administration (20 microg.100 g(-1).min(-1)) without or with tempol pretreatment (i.v., 300 microg.100 g(-1).min(-1)). In renal cortical tissue, nitrotyrosine protein expression was assessed by immunoblotting as marker of O2- production and urinary 8-epi-PGF(2alpha) excretion as marker of intrarenal oxidative stress was assessed by enzyme immunoassay.

RESULTS

BP, glomerular filtration rate (GFR), renal plasma flow (RPF) and sodium excretion were similar in TGR and HanSD. L-NAME infusion induced greater increases in BP in TGR than in HanSD (+42 +/- 4 vs. +25 +/- 3 mmHg, p < 0.05). In the absence of a significant change in GFR, L-NAME caused similar decreases in RPF (-32 +/- 6 and -25 +/- 4%, p < 0.05) in TGR and HanSD. Despite significantly higher renocortical expression of nitrotyrosine and urinary 8-epi-PGF2alpha excretion in TGR than in HanSD, pretreatment with tempol did not augment the rise in BP and the decrease in RPF induced by L-NAME.

CONCLUSIONS

The greater BP response to L-NAME in TGR suggests that prehypertensive TGR exhibit an enhanced NO activity in the systemic vasculature as compared with HanSD. Despite increased intrarenal oxidative stress in TGR, the dependency of the intrarenal vascular tone on NO appears to be similar in TGR and HanSD. The lack of a compensatory increase in renal NO activity may partially account for the enhanced renal vascular response to ANG II present in TGR.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Center for Experimental Medicine, Institute for Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Prague, Czech Republic.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

15795515

Citation

Vanecková, Ivana, et al. "Roles of Nitric Oxide and Oxidative Stress in the Regulation of Blood Pressure and Renal Function in Prehypertensive Ren-2 Transgenic Rats." Kidney & Blood Pressure Research, vol. 28, no. 2, 2005, pp. 117-26.
Vanecková I, Kramer HJ, Novotná J, et al. Roles of nitric oxide and oxidative stress in the regulation of blood pressure and renal function in prehypertensive Ren-2 transgenic rats. Kidney Blood Press Res. 2005;28(2):117-26.
Vanecková, I., Kramer, H. J., Novotná, J., Kazdová, L., Opocenský, M., Bader, M., Ganten, D., & Cervenka, L. (2005). Roles of nitric oxide and oxidative stress in the regulation of blood pressure and renal function in prehypertensive Ren-2 transgenic rats. Kidney & Blood Pressure Research, 28(2), 117-26.
Vanecková I, et al. Roles of Nitric Oxide and Oxidative Stress in the Regulation of Blood Pressure and Renal Function in Prehypertensive Ren-2 Transgenic Rats. Kidney Blood Press Res. 2005;28(2):117-26. PubMed PMID: 15795515.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Roles of nitric oxide and oxidative stress in the regulation of blood pressure and renal function in prehypertensive Ren-2 transgenic rats. AU - Vanecková,Ivana, AU - Kramer,Herbert J, AU - Novotná,Jana, AU - Kazdová,Ludmila, AU - Opocenský,Martin, AU - Bader,Michael, AU - Ganten,Detlev, AU - Cervenka,Ludek, Y1 - 2005/03/23/ PY - 2004/12/02/accepted PY - 2005/3/30/pubmed PY - 2005/7/26/medline PY - 2005/3/30/entrez SP - 117 EP - 26 JF - Kidney & blood pressure research JO - Kidney Blood Press Res VL - 28 IS - 2 N2 - AIMS: The present study was performed to evaluate the role of nitric oxide (NO) and its interaction with superoxide anion (O2-) in the regulation of blood pressure (BP) and renal function during the developmental phase of hypertension in Ren-2 transgenic rats (TGR). The first aim was to compare BP and renal functional responses to acute NO synthase (NOS) inhibition achieved by intravenous (i.v.) infusion of Nomega-nitro-L-arginine-methyl ester (L-NAME) in prehypertensive heterozygous TGR and in transgene-negative Hannover Sprague-Dawley (HanSD) rats. The second aim was to evaluate whether scavenging of O2- by infusion of the superoxide dismutase mimetic tempol increases NO bioavailability which therefore should augment BP and renal functional responses to L-NAME. METHODS: Rats were anesthetized, prepared for clearance experiments and BP and renal functional responses were evaluated in response to i.v. L-NAME administration (20 microg.100 g(-1).min(-1)) without or with tempol pretreatment (i.v., 300 microg.100 g(-1).min(-1)). In renal cortical tissue, nitrotyrosine protein expression was assessed by immunoblotting as marker of O2- production and urinary 8-epi-PGF(2alpha) excretion as marker of intrarenal oxidative stress was assessed by enzyme immunoassay. RESULTS: BP, glomerular filtration rate (GFR), renal plasma flow (RPF) and sodium excretion were similar in TGR and HanSD. L-NAME infusion induced greater increases in BP in TGR than in HanSD (+42 +/- 4 vs. +25 +/- 3 mmHg, p < 0.05). In the absence of a significant change in GFR, L-NAME caused similar decreases in RPF (-32 +/- 6 and -25 +/- 4%, p < 0.05) in TGR and HanSD. Despite significantly higher renocortical expression of nitrotyrosine and urinary 8-epi-PGF2alpha excretion in TGR than in HanSD, pretreatment with tempol did not augment the rise in BP and the decrease in RPF induced by L-NAME. CONCLUSIONS: The greater BP response to L-NAME in TGR suggests that prehypertensive TGR exhibit an enhanced NO activity in the systemic vasculature as compared with HanSD. Despite increased intrarenal oxidative stress in TGR, the dependency of the intrarenal vascular tone on NO appears to be similar in TGR and HanSD. The lack of a compensatory increase in renal NO activity may partially account for the enhanced renal vascular response to ANG II present in TGR. SN - 1420-4096 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/15795515/Roles_of_nitric_oxide_and_oxidative_stress_in_the_regulation_of_blood_pressure_and_renal_function_in_prehypertensive_Ren_2_transgenic_rats_ L2 - https://www.karger.com?DOI=10.1159/000084649 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -