Endolymphatic perfusion with EGTA-acetoxymethyl ester inhibits asphyxia- and furosemide-induced decrease in endocochlear potential in guinea pigs.Jpn J Physiol. 2005 Feb; 55(1):53-60.JJ
We examined the effect of the Ca(2+) concentration in the endolymph ([Ca](e)) or in the endolymphatic surface cells ([Ca](i)) on the endocochlear potential (EP) by using an endolymphatic or perilymphatic perfusion technique, respectively. (i) A large increase in [Ca](e) up to approximately 10(-3) M with a fall in the EP was induced by transient asphyxia (approximately 2 min) or by the intravenous administration of furosemide (60 mg/kg), and a significant correlation was obtained between the EP and p[Ca](e) (= -log [Ca](e), r = 0.998). (ii) Perfusion of the endolymph with 10 mM EGTA for 5 min neither produced any significant change in the EP nor altered the asphyxia-induced change in EP (DeltaEP(asp)), suggesting that neither [Ca](e) nor the Ca(2+) concentration gradient across the stria vascularis contributed directly to the generation of the EP in the condition of low [Ca](e). In contrast, endolymphatic perfusion with high Ca(2+) (more than 10 mM) produced a decrease in EP and a significant correlation was obtained between the EP and the Ca(2+) concentration of perfusion solution (r = 0.982), suggesting that Ca(2+) permeability may exist across the stria vascularis. (iii) The administration of a Ca(2+) chelator, EGTA-acetoxymethyl ester (AM, 0.3 mM), to the endolymph, which produced a gradual increase in EP, suppressed significantly, by 60-80%, DeltaEP(asp) or furosemide-induced changes in EP. In contrast, perilymphatic administration of 0.5 mM EGTA-AM caused no significant suppression of the DeltaEP(asp). These findings suggest that [Ca](i) plays an important role in generating/maintaining a large positive EP.