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Prevalence of weight cycling and its relation to health indicators in Finland.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

This study was performed to identify weight cyclers and to assess the prevalence of weight cycling and its relation to health indicators in Finnish adults.

RESEARCH METHODS AND PROCEDURES

Data for the study consisted of 3320 men and 3540 women (25 to 64 years of age). The subjects went through a health examination, and data on intentional weight losses and regains during the last 10 years were collected by a questionnaire. The subjects were divided into five groups: severe weight cyclers (weight loss >/= 5 kg at least three times with regain), mild weight cyclers (weight loss >/= 5 kg one to two times and regain), successful dieters (weight loss >/= 5 kg with no regain), nonobese nondieters, and obese nondieters.

RESULTS

Approximately 7% of men and 10% of women were defined as severe weight cyclers, and an additional 11% and 19% were defined as mild weight cyclers, respectively. In men, 20% of severe weight cyclers and 15% of obese nondieters perceived their health as poor, whereas in other groups, these proportions were <10%. In both sexes, severe weight cyclers seemed to have visited a doctor more frequently than nonobese nondieters. Severe weight cyclers were also more likely to use some medication compared with other groups.

DISCUSSION

Weight cycling is more common in women than in men, and it seems to be associated with more regular visits to a doctor and poor self-perceived health. However, because of the cross-sectional design of the study, causal conclusions cannot be drawn.

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  • Authors+Show Affiliations

    ,

    Department of Epidemiology and Health Promotion, National Public Health Institute, Mannerheimintie 166, 00300 Helsinki, Finland. marjaana.lahti-koski@sydanliitto.fi

    , ,

    Source

    Obesity research 13:2 2005 Feb pg 333-41

    MeSH

    Adult
    Body Mass Index
    Cardiovascular Diseases
    Diet, Reducing
    Female
    Finland
    Health Status
    Humans
    Male
    Middle Aged
    Obesity
    Risk Factors
    Self Concept
    Weight Gain
    Weight Loss

    Pub Type(s)

    Journal Article
    Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

    Language

    eng

    PubMed ID

    15800292

    Citation

    Lahti-Koski, Marjaana, et al. "Prevalence of Weight Cycling and Its Relation to Health Indicators in Finland." Obesity Research, vol. 13, no. 2, 2005, pp. 333-41.
    Lahti-Koski M, Männistö S, Pietinen P, et al. Prevalence of weight cycling and its relation to health indicators in Finland. Obes Res. 2005;13(2):333-41.
    Lahti-Koski, M., Männistö, S., Pietinen, P., & Vartiainen, E. (2005). Prevalence of weight cycling and its relation to health indicators in Finland. Obesity Research, 13(2), pp. 333-41.
    Lahti-Koski M, et al. Prevalence of Weight Cycling and Its Relation to Health Indicators in Finland. Obes Res. 2005;13(2):333-41. PubMed PMID: 15800292.
    * Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
    TY - JOUR T1 - Prevalence of weight cycling and its relation to health indicators in Finland. AU - Lahti-Koski,Marjaana, AU - Männistö,Satu, AU - Pietinen,Pirjo, AU - Vartiainen,Erkki, PY - 2005/4/1/pubmed PY - 2005/8/5/medline PY - 2005/4/1/entrez SP - 333 EP - 41 JF - Obesity research JO - Obes. Res. VL - 13 IS - 2 N2 - OBJECTIVE: This study was performed to identify weight cyclers and to assess the prevalence of weight cycling and its relation to health indicators in Finnish adults. RESEARCH METHODS AND PROCEDURES: Data for the study consisted of 3320 men and 3540 women (25 to 64 years of age). The subjects went through a health examination, and data on intentional weight losses and regains during the last 10 years were collected by a questionnaire. The subjects were divided into five groups: severe weight cyclers (weight loss >/= 5 kg at least three times with regain), mild weight cyclers (weight loss >/= 5 kg one to two times and regain), successful dieters (weight loss >/= 5 kg with no regain), nonobese nondieters, and obese nondieters. RESULTS: Approximately 7% of men and 10% of women were defined as severe weight cyclers, and an additional 11% and 19% were defined as mild weight cyclers, respectively. In men, 20% of severe weight cyclers and 15% of obese nondieters perceived their health as poor, whereas in other groups, these proportions were <10%. In both sexes, severe weight cyclers seemed to have visited a doctor more frequently than nonobese nondieters. Severe weight cyclers were also more likely to use some medication compared with other groups. DISCUSSION: Weight cycling is more common in women than in men, and it seems to be associated with more regular visits to a doctor and poor self-perceived health. However, because of the cross-sectional design of the study, causal conclusions cannot be drawn. SN - 1071-7323 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/15800292/Prevalence_of_weight_cycling_and_its_relation_to_health_indicators_in_Finland_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1038/oby.2005.45 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -